In GCSE Geography students will look at both long-term and short-term international migration, studying the various causes - such as economic, social or political reasons. This quiz looks at some of push and pull factors behind migration and also the advantages and disadvantages of migration for the nations concerned.
In 2015 Europe watched as refugees flooded in from the south, trying to escape the war in Syria. This was an example of international migration. Opinion on the matter was divided, with some people thinking that MEDCs have a duty to assist those who are less fortunate, and others arguing that Europe had its own financial difficulties so it was up to someone else to deal with these displaced people.
There are a variety of different types of, and reasons for, international migrations. Short and long term migration as well as economic, social, environmental, and political migration are just a few. During the summer months hundreds of young adults migrate to Britain to work in summer camps caring for and teaching young children. Equally, hundreds of young adults leave Britain for the summer to work in summer camps overseas - these two are examples of short term economic migration.
Some parts of Britain have been shaped by migration patterns, for example Liverpool - a port city. Liverpool has well established China and Jamaica Towns and is culturally mixed, with Irish, Scottish, and Welsh populations all within an English city whose classic dish (scouse) came from Norwegian sailors!
It’s important not to forget internal migration trends and patterns. Many coastal towns are popular retirement locations, whilst many city centres have better job opportunities. Short term migration also occurs each September as university students move to university towns and cities, with some cities seeing a population increase of tens of thousands. As industries close it is possible that people will migrate from areas of high unemployment towards areas where there is more chance of getting a job.
Can you describe the difference between political and economic migration, or push and pull factors? Have a go at this quiz and see how well you've understood the causes of migration.