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Modern Changes in Industry in the UK
This quiz looks at how industry has changed in the UK.

Modern Changes in Industry in the UK

This GCSE Geography quiz takes a look at modern changes in industry in the UK. The economic geography of the UK has undergone some dramatic changes since the 18th century. Before the industrial revolution, maps would have shown that the UK economy was based on agriculture and cottage industries. All that changed during the industrialisation of Britain (the Industrial Revolution) as heavy industry and factory mass production of textiles, ceramics and many other goods began. The nature of the British economy started to change once again after the 1939-45 war as cheap foreign textiles, raw materials and other products became available through increased globalisation, making manufacturing in the UK less economic. At the same time, the increased mechanisation of agriculture and in factories (e.g. using robots to build cars) gradually increased unemployment, forcing people to look for work in different industry sectors.

1.
Which of the following statistics about the numbers of people employed in each sector is the most likely to represent the workforce of a LEDC?
23% primary, 5% secondary, 72% tertiary/quaternary
24% primary, 23% secondary, 53% tertiary/quaternary
80% primary, 3% secondary, 17% tertiary/quaternary
20% primary, 40% secondary, 60% tertiary/quaternary
The fourth option doesn't add up to 100% and so must be wrong - in your exam, watch out for little things like that as it can help narrow down the choices. A large proportion of the workforce involved in the primary sector is a good indicator that a country is a LEDC
2.
Which of the following is an example of a secondary sector industry?
Sheep farming
Making steel panels for vehicles
A clothes shop
All of the above
Make sure that you are aware of the different industry sectors
3.
In the UK at the present time, approximately what percentage of the working population are employed in the tertiary sector?
20
40
60
80
At the time of writing this quiz, the figure was a little less than 80%
4.
The tertiary sector is also known as the...
service sector
support sector
private sector
office sector
As the heavy industries of the secondary sector have closed down, new and existing business have developed in the tertiary sector
5.
Since the year 2000, the number of people working in mining and quarrying has declined. What has caused this change?
Increased mechanisation
Imported stone and coal is cheaper
Exhaustion of resources in some areas
All of the above
There are also environmental pressures and regulations that increase costs of UK-mined or quarried resources
6.
Since the 1950s, many clothing and footwear manufacturers have closed down. Which of the following is the most likely reason?
Textiles from India and the Far Eastern countries were cheaper
The raw materials were more difficult to obtain after the Second World War
Raw materials were a lot cheaper than before
People wore second-hand clothes rather than buying new ones
Very low labour costs and cheaper transport costs made foreign-produced textile products more affordable than those made in the UK
7.
There are several reasons that have led to changes in modern UK industry. Which of the following is not one of them?
Improved public transport
Strikes in the 1960s and 1970s
Globalisation
Cheap imports of coal, iron and steel
Heavy industry could not compete in the postwar (after the Second World War) global marketplace
8.
In areas where there have been large increases in unemployment when heavy industries have closed, the UK government offer grants and subsidies to encourage new businesses to set up or existing businesses to expand. This is described as...
industrialisation
de-industrialisation
re-industrialisation
transhumance
A single factory or coal mine in an area like South Wales could have provided an entire community with jobs, so the loss of that industry would be locally catastrophic. Re-industrialisation replaces the heavy industry (secondary sector) with a variety of other industries, most of which are tertiary sector service industries
9.
Since the Second World War, the main change of industry sector has been...
tertiary to secondary
secondary to tertiary
primary to secondary
none of the above
The manufacturing industry has sharply declined in the UK
10.
Tertiary sector industries such as shops and offices were traditionally found in town centres, however, many have moved to out-of-town retail and business parks. Which of the following is the LEAST likely to have been one of the reasons for this?
Traffic congestion
Parking
Lower costs
Easily reached on foot
A disadvantage of this trend is that people without cars find shopping and getting to work more difficult unless they live quite close to the retail or business park
You can find more about this topic by visiting BBC Bitesize - How the UK economy is changing in the 21st century

Author:  Kev Woodward

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