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The Service Industries
What do you know about service industries?

The Service Industries

This GCSE Geography quiz takes a look at the service industries. There are four industry sectors, primary, secondary, tertiary and quaternary. The primary sector is concerned with the supply of raw materials e.g. mining and agriculture and the secondary sector is concerned with the manufacture of goods. The tertiary sector is referred to as the services sector which involves the sale of services and skills plus the selling of goods and materials from the primary and secondary sectors. The quaternary sector is also a services sector, but dealing with information services, consultancy and R&D (research and development).

Britain was the first nation to industrialise, back in the 17th and 18th centuries. This developed a strong economy that was based on manufacturing. In the 19th century, other countries started to industrialise but it wasn't really until after the second world war, when cheaper transport and labour costs led to globalisation.

1.
Tertiary and quaternary industries are often referred to as being footloose. What does that mean?
They could be based anywhere in the UK
They have a high turnover of staff
They employ mainly migrant workers
They are manufacturers of shoes
They require very few raw materials and any they do need are not bulky and can easily be transported to wherever a footloose business has been established
2.
R&D stands for:
Rabbit and duck (seen on a menu)
Research and development
Receipts and development
Research and delivery
Some R&D is carried out by universities but there are also commercial companies who sell this as a service
3.
Many businesses in the financial services industry have grouped themselves together with their headquarters in the City of London. This is referred to as:
regrouping
industrial bonding
agglomeration
egglomeration
Examples of financial services industries are banks and insurance companies
4.
Which of the following is not a service industry?
A shop
A sales office
A company selling medical insurance
Farming
Farming is a primary sector industry
5.
A characteristic of an MEDC is:
almost all of the population is involved in growing cash crops
At least one third of the population are involved in manufacturing
It no longer has any primary sector industry
the tertiary sector accounts for a significantly large proportion of the economy of a nation
In an MEDC such as the UK or the USA, the primary and secondary sectors of the economy account for only about a quarter of the labour force. In an LEDC such as Nepal or many of the African nations, the opposite is true
6.
The biggest expansion in the tertiary sector of the UK since the 1990s has been:
Financial and business services
Retail
Transport
Oil refining
The number of people working in this sector has doubled
7.
Tertiary and quaternary sector businesses can be found:
in city centres
on business parks
at out-of-town retail centres
at all of the above
Businesses in the services sector can be established almost anywhere
8.
Which of the following statements is TRUE?
Construction is a services sector industry
In the UK, most people work in manufacturing
Retail is a regarded as being a primary sector industry because everyone needs to buy food and other items
In the UK, most people work in the tertiary and quaternary sectors
Construction and retail are secondary sector industries
9.
Which of the following words is associated with the increase in service industries in the UK?
Globalisation
Ratification
Dessication
Industrialisation
Cheaper and faster transport plus cheaper workforces in LEDCs has forced UK industries to focus more on services. It is often cheaper to manufacture abroad than in Britain
10.
In the UK, approximately what proportion of the working population is involved in service industries?
One fifth
One half
Three quarters
Nine tenths
Manufacturing in the UK has steadily declined since the second world war
Author:  Kev Woodward

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