In GCSE Geography students will look at some of the uses we have for water, such as agriculture or waste disposal. They will also study some of the causes of water shortages, for example climate change or the rise in population.
Whilst our planet is 70% water only 3% of that water is available as freshwater - and two thirds of that is locked up as ice! 1.1 billion people in the world don’t have access to safe drinking water and a further 2.7 billion find it difficult to get access to clean water for at least 1 month of the year. Lack of clean water creates several problems. The initial lack of clean water leads to water pollution which in turn leads to diseases being spread via the water supply.
Water shortages are caused by a huge variety of reasons, but some that you need to consider for exams and essay questions include…
Technologies and strategies are improving the world's access to water, but often the necessary infrastructure and resources are unavailable in LEDCs. Added to that, the rise in extreme weather conditions may make water shortages more common.