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Britain: British Society 1890-1918 - Liberal Reforms From 1906-22
Women were not allowed to vote until 1918.

Britain: British Society 1890-1918 - Liberal Reforms From 1906-22

GCSE History looks at British society in different eras. One period covered is from 1890-1918, and one aspect studied is the reforms made by the Liberal government between 1906-1922.

British society underwent huge changes between 1906-1922. The Liberal Party swept to power in 1906 with a massive majority over the Conservatives. Henry Campbell-Bannerman served as prime minister until 1908, when Herbert Asquith succeeded him. David Lloyd George moved up to become Chancellor of the Exchequer, determined to introduce radical reforms.

Learn more about the Liberal Government's reforms between 1906-1922, and the effect they had on British Society.

In 1908 old age pensions were introduced for the first time. What was the qualifying age?
60 years old
65 years old
70 years old
75 years old
Bismarck had made similar provision for German pensioners, but Lloyd George's pensions legislation was a novelty for Britain
In 1909 Job Centres were introduced. By what name were they known at the time?
Labour Exchanges
Employment offices
Work Centres
Unemployment Exchanges
This measure also showed a new version of Liberalism: that the government would increasingly be involved in areas that previous Liberals had regarded as none of the state's business
The 1909 Budget sought to raise new taxes on the rich in order to pay for increased military spending and more spending on welfare. By what name was this budget known?
The People's Budget
The Popular Budget
The Nation's Budget
The Welfare Budget
The House of Commons passed the budget by a large majority, but it came to grief in the House of Lords where peers could reject any measure coming up from the Commons
On what did the 1909 Budget propose to levy two new taxes, thus infuriating many members of the Lords?
Spare bedrooms
Profits from house sales
Most peers were wealthy and so they resented taxes on any kind of property or on profit from the disposal of property
In 1911 the Liberals managed to get an act onto the statute book that altered the powers of the Lords. They could delay certain bills only for a few months and others for no more than a couple of years. What was the name of this important Act of Parliament?
The House of Lords Reform Act
The Great Reform Act
The Parliament Act
The Representation of the People Act
The good news was that the Lords would never again be able to block a bill of which they disapproved. The bad news was that neither of two general elections in 1910 (January and December), intended to bring pressure on the Lords to pass the 1909 Budget, gave any party an overall Commons majority
The 1918 Representation of the People Act gave the vote to women for the first time. Which category of women was now allowed the vote?
Women over 30
Women over 21
Women over 18
Women over 35
Technically these women were given the vote to reward them for their contribution to the war effort
This act also gave almost all men the vote over a certain age. What was now the age qualification for men to vote?
18 years old
30 years old
25 years old
21 years old
Most men had had the right to vote before 1918. Now very nearly all did
The 1918 Education Act raised the school leaving age to what?
15 years old
16 years old
13 years old
14 years old
Reformers hoped to raise the school leaving age even further over time
Who was the first female member of the House of Commons to be both elected a member, and to take her seat - in 1919?
Countess Markewicz
Nancy Astor
Ellen Wilkinson
Margaret Bondfield
One or two M.P.s elected in 1918 refused to take their seats in protest, but at least one woman did
What nickname did Lloyd George acquire for his success as Chancellor, and for his work during the war as Munitions Minister and War Minister, as well as his leadership as prime minister?
The Welsh Wonder
The Welsh Wizard
The Wonderful Welshman
Wales's Wonder
Lloyd George acquired a reputation for being able to get things done. In 1922, when he lost power, many - including Churchill - expected to see him back soon
You can find more about this topic by visiting BBC Bitesize - Britain since c.1900 and the people's health

Author:  Edward Towne

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