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Britain: Elizabethan England - Religion
Most English people of the time believed that God had brought about the failure of the Spanish Armada to conquer protestant England.

Britain: Elizabethan England - Religion

When studying GCSE History students will be taught about religion and reform in Elizabethan England as a part of their learning the history of Britain.

Religion was a major factor in Elizabethan England. When Elizabeth acceded to the throne, she followed her half-sister Mary who, in less than five years, had tried to turn the clock back to Roman Catholicism. Elizabeth had been brought up as a Protestant, but she wanted to avoid too much reform.

Try this quiz to see how much you know about religion and reform in Elizabethan England.

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1.
"The pretended Queen of England and the servant of crime." - Which international figure made this remark about the queen in a famous document of 1570?
Pope Pius V
The Holy Roman Emperor
King Philip II of Spain
King Charles IX of France
Catholics regarded Elizabeth as a usurper, who should be overthrown and replaced by someone loyal to Rome
2.
What name is usually given to those radical Protestants who wanted a much more rigorous and far-reaching reform of the Church?
Puritans
Anglo-Catholics
Lutherans
Fundamentalists
While Elizabeth wanted a moderate and inclusive settlement, there were many Protestants who saw her accession as a chance to push for more radical reforms
3.
What was the majority faith of the Irish people?
Roman Catholic
Protestant
Pagan
Presbyterian
Most parts of Ireland (away from Dublin) were pretty much a law unto themselves during the sixteenth century
4.
In which year were Elizabeth's acts of Religious Settlement passed?
1558
1561
1560
1559
Elizabeth was anxious to complete her religious settlement as quickly as possible, but it first had to be passed by the two Houses of Parliament - Commons and Lords
5.
Which Act of Parliament enforced the use of the new Elizabethan Prayer Book?
The Act of Obedience
The Act of Supremacy
The Act of Uniformity
The Act of Enforcement
Elizabeth needed parliamentary authority to compel English people to use the new Prayer Book
6.
What name is given to those Catholics who would not accept Elizabeth's religious settlement, and who secretly observed Catholic practices - including the Roman Mass?
Refusers
Heretics
Non-Conformists
Recusants
Fines were levied on such people, which many of them paid regularly, for failing to attend Church of England services weekly
7.
Which title did Elizabeth assume in the Religious Settlement?
Supreme Head of the Church of England
Supreme Governor of the Church of England
Principal Governor of the Church of England
Protector of the Church of England
Henry VIII, Elizabeth's father, broke away from Rome's control in the 1530's, but Elizabeth had to think carefully about the most appropriate form of words for her leadership of the Anglican Church. Yet she certainly had no intention of returning control to the Pope
8.
What principal factor, in the view of most English people, caused the Armada's defeat?
The hand of God
Drake's strategy and skill
Elizabeth I's leadership
Spanish mistakes
Many English people sought one overarching reason for the extraordinary failure of the Spanish invasion attempt
9.
Ridolfi, Babington, Parry. - What did all of these gentlemen have in common?
They were courtiers at Elizabeth's court
They were successive Archbishops of Canterbury
They all had plots named after them against the queen
They all guarded Mary, Queen of Scots, while she was under house arrest in England
Elizabeth attracted the loyalty of many of her subjects, and the hostility of a determined minority
10.
What name was given to the argument between Elizabeth and more radical Protestants about the garments that the clergy should wear in church?
The Uniform Controversy
The Vestiarian Controversy
The Robes and Garments Controversy
The Vestments Controversy
Traditionalists believed in bright garb to separate the clergy from the laity, while "the hotter sort of Protestant" wanted drab vestments to stress the clergy's similarity to the laity
Author:  Edward Towne

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