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China: Under Mao - 1965-1976 - The Impact Of Communist Rule On China's Foreign Policy
Mao was anxious to develop nuclear weapons as quickly as he could.

China: Under Mao - 1965-1976 - The Impact Of Communist Rule On China's Foreign Policy

In GCSE History students will look at China under Mao. One aspect they will study is the impact Communist rule had on China's foreign policy.

The successful Communist revolution of 1949, under Mao, caused a sharp change in China's foreign policy. Fellow Communist states could now be allies, while the USA became the main enemy. However, the situation was never quite as simple as that.

Discover more about China's foreign policy under Mao in this enlightening quiz.

With which adjoining state did China sign a friendship treaty in 1950?
North Korea
China felt vulnerable just after the revolution and expected an early attack. Alliance with the USSR made an attack less likely
China joined in the Korean War on the side of North Korea. Why?
Mao feared the existence of a capitalist South Korea as a threat to him
Mao wanted to replace the Soviet Union as North Korea's main supporter
Mao feared that the UN forces (mainly American) would continue through North Korea and cross the Yalu River into China
Mao feared that the USA and its allies would deploy nuclear weapons against the North and wished to forestall this by passing through North Korea and into the south. From there Mao thought that he could negotiate from a position of strength
Mao felt vulnerable, as a newly installed ruler, to an attack by capitalist powers
In 1962 Mao fought a brief border war against a neighbouring power. Which one?
Outer Mongolia
North Vietnam
Mao's sense of insecurity continued. Many of these borders had only recently been defined - usually in the colonial era. With the decline of the European empires, Mao felt that these artificial constructions could be revised: either by negotiation or by force
Chinese troops clashed on the Ussuri River in 1969 with another neighbouring state. Which one was this?
The Soviet Union
Still insecure, Mao feared attack from all directions. There was no formal declaration of war, but Mao used force to deter what he regarded as frontier incursions
In 1972 a diplomatic bombshell occurred with the visit of a United States delegation to Beijing, anxious to talk about trade and other matters. Who headed the US team?
Security Advisor Henry Kissinger
President Nixon
Vice-President Gerald Ford
Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara
The US was keen to exploit the worsening relations between China and the Soviet Union, and to reduce its own defence spending
What was the main reason for the deteriorating relations between China and the USSR during the 1960s?
Territorial disputes
Ideological arguments over the interpretation of Marxist doctrine
Personal hostility between Khrushchev and Mao
Rivalry for leadership of the Communist world
Mao believed that the USSR had never been a sincere and durable ally of China
With which nearby state was a peace treaty eventually signed in 1978, although hostilities had ceased over thirty years earlier? Hostilities had begun fourteen years before that.
Great Britain
The change in government in China from 1949 complicated matters, as it had been a previous Chinese government that had responded to attack in the first place
Which state did China herself invade and occupy in 1950, provoking a serious rebellion in 1958 that was brutally crushed?
China maintained that she had an historic claim to this territory, and also no doubt strategic considerations influenced her actions
When did China first acquire an atomic bomb?
China was anxious to develop this weapon as she felt insecure, and she wanted it also as a bargaining counter in any future negotiations
A visit by a US sports team paved the way for the successful official visit in 1972. Which sport was this?
Ice hockey
Table tennis/ping pong
The games generated enormous excitement, and genuinely made a contribution to the success of the official talks
Author:  Edward Towne

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