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Middle East: 1948-1999 - Attempts Since 1973 To Broker A Peace Settlement
The Dome of the Rock, in Jerusalem, is a holy site for Muslims.

Middle East: 1948-1999 - Attempts Since 1973 To Broker A Peace Settlement

One of the subjects looked at in GCSE History is the Middle East during the period from 1948-1999. The attempts that have been made to bring about a peace settlement between the Israelis and the Arabs is one of the topics that comes under scrutiny.

After the 1973 war repeated attempts were made to bring about a peace settlement in the Middle East, normally brokered by the United States. Considerable progress has been made but the fundamental issue of a Palestinian state has yet to be resolved. The issue of Israeli settlement of land taken in the six-day war, and the status of East Jerusalem, are also issues of concern.

Discover more about the attempts which have been made to bring peace to the Middle East in this quiz.

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1.
In 1977 President Sadat of Egypt flew to Jerusalem and addressed the Israeli Knesset. What was this body?
The Israeli Foreign Ministry
The Israeli Parliament
The Israeli Broadcasting Authority
The Conference of Israeli Synagogues
Sadat took a big risk in going to Israel, and indeed a short while after his return he was assassinated by members of his own bodyguard
2.
In 1978 Sadat and Menachem Begin, the Israeli leader, met the US President Jimmy Carter. Where did this meeting take place?
The White House
The Pentagon
The State Department
Camp David
These talks led to the signing in 1979 of a peace treaty between Egypt and Israel
3.
In 1993 talks took place in Oslo, that included representatives of the Palestinian people. Which organisation was recognised by the United Nations as the sole legitimate voice of Palestinians?
The Palestinian Authority
The Palestinian Liberation Organisation
Hamas
Hezbollah
Negotiations with the Palestinians were difficult. Issues like Gaza, the West Bank, Israeli settlements and East Jerusalem were complicated and aroused strong passions
4.
Which Arab state reached agreement with the State of Israel in 1994?
Jordan
Lebanon
Syria
Iraq
This was progress, but very slow if countries were going to recognise Israel one by one, and only after the passage of more time
5.
In 2003 a phrase was used by the leaders of the US, the Palestinians and the government of Israel to suggest a peace plan with regular gradual targets towards an eventual "two-state solution". What was this phrase?
A road plan
A peace plan
A road map
A peace map
This document suggested a long and gradual "peace process"
6.
From 2002 a "Quartet" of four main states, or groups of states, agreed to use their collective influence to achieve Middle East peace. Which of the following did not belong to the Quartet?
Russia
China
The European Union
The United Nations
After 10 years the Quartet had little to show for their efforts
7.
The Quartet did, however, have a Special Envoy, tasked with exploiting opportunities for Middle East peace. Who has occupied this post since 2007?
Baroness Ashton of Upholland
Tony Blair
Senator McCain
Ex-President of the USA Jimmy Carter
Despite apparent intense activity the current envoy's achievements in the role seem rather meagre
8.
Both the Al-Aqsa Mosque and the Dome of the Rock are sacred sites for muslims. On which part of Israeli-occupied East Jerusalem are they to be found?
The Mount of Olives
The Temple Mount
The Old City
The Plain of Midian
This is an especially sensitive area. Ariel Sharon's visit there a few years ago provoked serious protests
9.
Equally the so-called "Wailing Wall" in East Jerusalem is cherished by Jews, especially Ultra-Orthodox ones. What other name is given to this wall?
The Temple Wall
The Eastern Wall
The Praying Wall
The Western Wall
In 1967, after the wall was captured by Israeli forces, many Orthodox Jews gathered there to pray
10.
One stumbling block in the way of an agreement between Israel and the Palestinians is the question of "settlements", parcels of land seized by Jewish farmers. Where are these settlements mainly to be found?
In the Gaza Strip
In the Negev Desert
On the West Bank
On the Golan Heights, the border between Israel and Syria
For settlers this land is part of "Eretz Israel" extending beyond the borders established in 1948-9 to which they have a right according to the Old Testament. For the Palestinians this is their land and they look to the Israeli authorities to eject the settlers
Author:  Edward Towne

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