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USA: 1932-1941 - The Second New Deal
One of Roosevelt's main critics was Huey Long - also known as 'Kingfish'.

USA: 1932-1941 - The Second New Deal

One of the topics in GCSE History is the history of the USA between 1840 and 1975. One of the subjects covered in this topic is the 1930s, and this is the second of two quizzes on that decade, focussing in particular on Franklyn D. Roosevelt and his Second New Deal.

Roosevelt believed that he would have to become more radical for the New Deal to work successfully. So both before and after the election victory of 1936 he introduced a series of more robust measures: the Second New Deal. This aroused much opposition - in the usual quarters, but also from the guardians of the Constitution.

Find out more about Roosevelt and his second term of office as President of the USA in this quiz.

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1.
At the start of 1934, after a year of the New Deal, US unemployment remained very high. What was the approximate figure?
11.3 million
15.2 million
8.1 million
10.2 million
FDR now believed that he would have to introduce much more radical reforms in order to bring the figure down
2.
The American Liberty League achieved prominence in the mid-1930s. What was its principal agenda?
To safeguard human rights in the USA - especially those of minorities like African Americans
To advance the rights of trade unionists
To fight the New Deal tooth and nail
To try to expose communists and socialists as un-American
The name of the body was carefully chosen. Who, after all, could be opposed to "liberty"?
3.
One of the great pieces of legislation in the Second New Deal was the National Labour Relations Act, which considerably extended unions' rights when they were dealing with employers. By what name was this measure also known?
The Mahler Act
The Wagner Act
The Bruckner Act
The Strauss Act
A shorter title was more appropriate than the unwieldy official one
4.
In the 1936 presidential elections FDR trounced the moderate Republican governor of Kansas. What was his name?
Henry Rockefeller
George Chrysler
Alfred M. Landon
George Harding
FDR swept the board in the elections, winning 523 Electoral College votes to 8
5.
Which US constitutional body declared a number of FDR's alphabetical agencies unconstitutional, especially from the Second New Deal?
The Federal Court
The High Court
The Supreme Court
The Appeal Court
FDR usually gave way, and re-phrased the terms of the intended act to suit the Court
6.
One of FDR's main critics was the Governor of Louisiana, Huey Long. By what nickname was he better known?
Crocodile
Rattlesnake
Kingfish
Black Bear
Long argued that the New Deal was far too moderate
7.
What did Long call his campaign to redistribute the nation's wealth in the interests of the poor?
"The Fairer Shares for All" campaign
"The Share our Wealth" campaign
"The Equality" campaign
"The Redistribution" campaign
Long made little progress with this. He was - in any event - assassinated in 1935
8.
Father Charles Coughlin, of Michigan, suggested even more radical ideas. What was his proposed solution for the banking crisis?
Closing those down who went bankrupt
Drastically restricting banking hours
Requiring account holders to keep a minimum amount in their accounts
Taking the whole banking system into public ownership/nationalisation
Coughlin was also anti-Semitic, which reduced his support in financial circles and elsewhere
9.
Schechter Poultry Corporation took its case against the Federal Government to the highest constitutional authority. What nickname was given to the case?
The "Sick Chicken Case"
The "Sick Poultry Case"
The "Sick Bird Case"
The "Sick Rooster Case"
Schechter objected to what they regarded as Federal interference in traditional practices
10.
The right-wing opposition to the Second New Deal came from rich business interests represented by the Republican Party. What kind of economic system did they accuse FDR of trying to establish in the USA?
Socialism/Communism
Anarchism
Liberalism
Social Democracy
This scare-mongering did have some effect in gathering support for business interests against the New Deal
Author:  Edward Towne

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