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USA: 1945-1975 - Land Of Freedom?  US Society In The 1960s And 1970s
Hippies were a feature of 1960s society in America.

USA: 1945-1975 - Land Of Freedom?  US Society In The 1960s And 1970s

In GCSE History students will look at the History of the USA between 1840 and 1975. The last section of this topic covers the 30 years from 1945 until 1975. This is the second of four quizzes on this era and it looks in particular at society and freedom in 1960s and 1970s America.

The 1960s saw considerable unrest in the USA. On university campuses and elsewhere a rebellious counterculture of freedom flourished. By no means all of American society took part in this new lifestyle, and the 1970s saw a reaction to the radicalism of the 1960s. By 1980 another period of Republican government of the USA was looming.

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1.
President Johnson introduced a major series of measures in 1963 intended to help America's poor and to enable all to benefit from a federal health scheme. What was this programme called?
"A New Vision for America"
"The Big Deal"
"The Great Society"
"Great America"
Johnson hoped to carry on reform in the wake of his predecessor's death, but the continuance of the Vietnam War occupied much of his time and the nation's treasure
2.
In which year did Nixon achieve a deal with the North Vietnamese, whereby he could agree to withdraw US combat troops at once?
1974
1975
1972
1973
The Paris accords allowed for a US withdrawal, leaving the South Vietnamese to carry on the struggle alone. Henry Kissinger, Nixon's envoy, and Le Duc Tho, for North Vietnam, received the Nobel Peace Prize for their role
3.
Hippies were a feature of the period. What name was given to a Hippie community, trying to live self-sufficiently?
Squat
Drop House
Commune
Hippy Shack
Many found self-sufficiency to be a difficult goal, but were sustained by drug use and their pacifist outlook, while the Vietnam War went on
4.
In his inauguration speech of 1961 President John F. Kennedy evoked memories of the Nineteenth Century when he urged Americans to look to the future with optimism. What phrase did he use to suggest the pushing forward of boundaries?
A "New Frontier"
A "New Deal"
A "New Horizon"
A "New Hope"
Kennedy's rhetoric was inspirational, but within 3 years he was dead - the victim of an assassin's bullet
5.
The musical apogee of the counterculture was said to be the 3 day pop music festival held in August 1969. What was the festival's name?
San Francisco
Woodstock
Rochester
Algonquin
1960s pop music was heavily influenced by folk music (Bob Dylan, Pete Seeger, Peter, Paul and Mary, etc.), while the 1970's saw the rise of punk and hard rock
6.
In 1978 the mandatory retirement age in the US was raised from 65. To what age was it now moved?
68
66
69
70
An increasingly ageing population forced the Federal Government to raise the age of retirement. The greater tax revenue from older workers might help to sustain more elderly people in their retirement
7.
Student unrest was a feature of most of the decade. At which campus of the University of California did the "Free Speech Movement" emerge in 1964?
Santa Monica
San Pedro
Berkeley
Monterey
Unrest spread to other campuses across the United States, and was enflamed by the escalation of the Vietnam War
8.
Richard Nixon, who was elected to the Presidency in 1968 and re-elected in 1972, sneered at protesters and praised those Americans who seemed satisfied with the "status quo", and were more inclined to vote for him. How did he refer to these latter citizens?
The "Silent Americans"
The "Silent Majority"
The "Loyal Majority"
"Middle America"
Nixon relied on these voters for his election and re-election. But his involvement in the Watergate scandal, and subsequent resignation, did not inspire confidence, and a Democrat (Jimmy Carter) replaced Gerald Ford (Nixon's Vice-President) in 1976
9.
Environmentalism was another enthusiasm of the period, encouraged by Rachel Carson's 1962 book, "Silent Spring". Later, at Three Mile Island in Pennsylvania, an incident occurred which led to many protests by activists. What happened there?
A nuclear power station exploded causing massive pollution
There was a leak of radioactive material into the river
Anti-nuclear protesters were poisoned, although they stayed well clear of the actual site
All people living within a 50 mile radius of the site were evacuated
Environmentalists alleged the inherent dangers of nuclear power, while conservatives pointed to the fact that no one had died in this incident
10.
In 1970 President Nixon invaded Cambodia to try to prevent infiltration of communist forces from that country into South Vietnam. Protests erupted across the US, especially on university campuses. At which Ohio university campus were 4 students killed at one such protest?
Rutger's
Vassar
Brown
Kent State
The incident horrified US opinion, but very soon Nixon was negotiating with the North Vietnamese to seek an end to the war
Author:  Edward Towne

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