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Sound waves are longitudinal but they can be studied using a cathode ray oscilloscope.

# Waves - Properties of Waves 01

This GCSE Physics quiz will challenge you on properties of waves. Every day, probably without even thinking about it, all life on Earth uses waves. There are light waves for seeing and sound waves for hearing. Humans have discovered how to use radio waves for communications and microwaves for TV and your mobile phone. You can't see most waves but they are all around you. Some waves that you can see are water waves and you can see and feel the effects of the waves that disturb the Earth during an earthquake.

But what exactly is a wave? A wave is a disturbance in a medium that transfers energy from one place to another. You can really get a feel for this if you have ever seen video clips of earthquakes or tsunamis. These carry huge amounts of energy, sufficient energy to destroy vast areas.

1.
What is a transverse wave?
The oscillation of the wave is perpendicular to the direction of energy transfer
The oscillation of the wave is parallel to the direction of energy transfer
The wave arrives in two sections. The electric part of the wave arrives 2 seconds before the magnetic part of the wave
The wave arrives in two sections. The magnetic part of the wave arrives 2 seconds before the electric part of the wave
Transverse is a word that means across, perpendicular means 'at right angles to'
2.
What is a longitudinal wave?
The oscillation of the wave is perpendicular to the direction of energy transfer
The oscillation of the wave is parallel to the direction of energy transfer
The wave arrives in two sections. The electric part of the wave arrives 2 seconds before the magnetic part of the wave
The wave arrives in two sections. The magnetic part of the wave arrives 2 seconds before the electric part of the wave
As the wave passes, the particles of the medium are alternately compressed and uncompressed. These are referred to as compressions and rarefactions
3.
What do waves transfer?
Energy
Only green light
Hydrogen atoms
Nitrogen atoms
Waves transfer energy from one point to another
4.
How fast do electromagnetic waves travel in a vacuum?
50% of the speed of light
75% of the speed of light
100% of the speed of light
125% of the speed of light
At GCSE, you can take the speed of light as being 300,000 km per second. Electromagnetic waves could therefore travel round the equator about 12 times in a single second
5.
What type of waves are electromagnetic waves?
Latitudinal
Longitudinal
Transverse
Axial
The shortest wavelength (highest frequency) electromagnetic waves carry higher energies
6.
What are the two forms that waves travel in?
Transverse and longitudinal
Latitudinal and longitudinal
Transverse and latitudinal
Axial
These descriptions refer to the way the wave is vibrating (oscillating)
7.
What type of waves can mechanical waves be?
Latitudinal
Longitudinal
Transverse
Transverse and longitudinal
Good examples of this type of wave are earthquake waves
8.
The size of an electromagnetic wave's wavelength can vary between which range?
10-15 → >104 m
10-2 → ≤10-1 m
10-1 → ≤101 cm
10-10 → ≤10-5 km
The shortest wavelength waves are gamma, the longest are radio. These are also the highest and lowest frequency waves but they travel at the same speed
9.
What type of waves are sound waves?
Latitudinal
Longitudinal
Transverse
Axial
Sound waves travel as longitudinal waves meaning they require particles to transfer the energy of the wave. This is why in a vacuum sound waves cannot travel
10.
What types of electromagnetic waves can travel through a vacuum?
UV rays
X-Rays
Gamma rays
All electromagnetic waves
Any type of electromagnetic wave can travel through the emptiness of a vacuum because it is a disturbance in electric and magnetic fields