This GCSE RE quiz looks at the key teachings of Catholicism. The Catholic Church is undoubtedly among the world’s oldest and most powerful institutions ~ tracing its origins directly back through the Papal succession to St Peter on the day of Pentecost, and gathering along the way a vast array of saints, scholars and patronage from the world’s high and mighty. No institution is likely to survive as long (2,000-odd years and counting … ), whatever its other apparent advantages, unless it has a robust core of shared beliefs among its membership which are fully defensible and at least adequately explained and understood.
Much of the main corpus of Catholic belief is common to the mainstream of Christian tradition, but equally clearly, along the way there have been divergences (‘schisms’) from the Orthodox on the one broad hand and the Protestant on the other.
Catholicism could quite fairly be characterised as imbued with a strong sense of authority (i.e. that it can and should be doing and preaching what it does, because it is entitled and even expected to by God Himself). Times may change ~ not least within the past century with its World Wars, the social and technical upheavals of media and transport developments, and a spectrum of new views on the nature and bounds of personal relationships (not least, the impact of science and medicine on the outworkings of these, in an age of readily-available chemical contraception and unprecedented advances in genetic and transplant surgery).
So ~ what are some of the Catholic Church’s most distinctive doctrines?