Are you familiar with conjunctions and connectors? Do you know the mnemonic, FANBOYS? Each of the letters stands for a word – 'for', 'and', 'nor', 'but', 'or', 'yet' and 'so'. In English grammar these words are used when linking two similar elements in a sentence. When we have several sentences we also need to connect them so that they flow smoothly and the reader can follow the communication. In situations such as these conjunctions alone are not sufficient. Instead we use words called connectors. This is the first of eight High English quizzes looking at the different types of connectors.
Connectors are expressions and they are words or phrases linking the writer’s thoughts so as to present a cohesive and cogent communication. For instance, take a look at the following paragraph:
Wind energy is less polluting than thermal energy. High investment poses a challenge. States may not show much interest in investing in the sector. Research is on to find technologies that would reduce investment. States are looking at solar energy as an alternate energy source as it is readily, naturally and consistently available throughout the state.
This is poor grammar - the communication is not very clear! Now, we reformat the paragraph as follows:
THOUGH wind energy is less polluting than thermal energy, high investment poses a challenge. HENCE states may not show much interest in investing in the sector. HOWEVER research is on to find technologies that would reduce investment. MEANWHILE, states are looking at solar energy as an alternate energy source as it is readily, naturally and consistently available throughout the state.
In the new format the meaning is definitely clearer. What we have done is to combine two sentences and also add a few words rendering the paragraph more cogent and logical. The words in capitals are the connectors that help in linking the sentences to make the paragraph more meaningful. In the next few grammar quizzes we will learn a number of ways in which connectors are used to make our communication that much better.