English is a language that has thousands of words, through which all of us communicate. These words are categorised into the eight different parts of speech. There are some words which appear in more than one of these categories and some words which are derived from words from another category. In earlier quizzes we have looked at some adjectives which were formed from nouns by adding a suffix. In this quiz we look at words that can be formed by adding a prefix.
Look at the words – DISAGREE, AGREE and AGREEMENT. What do you find they have in common? AGREE appears in all three of them:
DISAGREE is formed by adding DIS to AGREE at the beginning of the word.
AGREEMENT is formed by adding MENT to AGREE at the end of the word.
Letters added to the beginning of a word are known as prefixes and letters added to the end of a word are suffixes. Here, AGREE is the root word whilst DIS is the prefix and MENT is the suffix.
The meanings of the new words are different from the meaning of the root word. The new words formed by adding a prefix could be an antonym, as in the case of AGREE-DISAGREE or RUN-OVERRUN.
While there are no definite rules governing the use of prefixes, it would help to know what they stand for. For instance, ‘re’ means 'again', ‘un’ means ‘not’, ‘in' and 'im’ also mean 'not' and ‘dis’ means 'the opposite of'. These prefixes, re, un, in, im and dis, are the most commonly used prefixes. Take this quiz and learn some new words which are formed by adding prefixes.