Monuments in Britain
Sir William Wallace was a hero in 13th Century Scotland.

Monuments in Britain

This quiz addresses the requirements of the National Curriculum KS1 History for children aged 5, 6 and 7 in years 1 and 2. Specifically this quiz is aimed at the section dealing with historical British monuments and their importance.

There are many historical buildings and monuments throughout the country but what is their importance? Monuments can be erected for all sorts of reasons, sometimes in memory of a person or to serve as a reminder of a key event in history. They can often offer glimpses of how life was at the time they were built. Young children may enjoy finding out more about the importance of British monuments and the reasons they were built.

The Monument, in London, is the tallest isolated stone column in the world. What is it a memorial to?
The Queen's coronation
The Plague
The end of the First World War
The Great Fire of London
The Monument to the Great Fire of London was designed by Sir Christopher Wren and Robert Hooke and was completed in 1677
Stonehenge is a circle of ancient stones erected between 3000BC and 1600BC. How many hours of labour is it estimated to have taken?
30 million
Mystery surrounds the stone circle as to why it was built. Some think it was designed as a place to worship the sun, others believe it may have been a place of sacrifice
An arch in Hyde park was built to commemorate British victories. What footwear is in its name?
Flip flops
The Arch originally stood opposite the home of the Duke of Wellington and was built after his victory over Napoleon at Waterloo
A 5,000-year-old tomb in Herefordshire is said to be part of the legend of which king?
Photograph courtesy of UKgeofan
King Arthur
King Charles
King Henry
King Edward
One of the stories about the tomb says it marks the spot where Arthur slayed a giant!
A fountain was built in Hyde Park as a memorial to a princess. What was her name?
Photograph courtesy of C. G. P. Grey
Diana, Princess of Wales, was killed in a car crash in 1997
The golden statue outside Buckingham Palace is a monument to which queen?
Queen Catherine
Queen Anne
Queen Elizabeth
Queen Victoria
The Victoria Memorial is placed at the centre of The Queen's Gardens and faces towards The Mall
The National Wallace Monument is a tower commemorating Sir William Wallace, the 13th century Scottish hero. How tall is it?
670 metres
6 metres
6700 metres
67 metres
Visitors can climb the 246-step spiral staircase to the viewing gallery inside the monument's crown
A statue of a winged archer stands in Piccadilly Square in London. What is his name?
It was commissioned as a memorial to the 7th Earl of Shaftesbury who was a famous politician
In Oxfordshire, a huge chalk animal is carved into the hill. What animal is it?
A dog
A horse
A bird
A pig
The horse is in Uffington and is 110m long. It is about 3000 years old!
Hadrian's Wall was built in AD122 and stretches from the east to west coasts in northern England. How long is it?
73 miles
7 miles
730 miles
7300 miles
It was built by the Roman Empire as a military fortification to prevent raids from tribes in what was to become Scotland. Parts of it survive today some 1800 years on
Author:  Angela Smith

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