*This quiz addresses the requirements of the National Curriculum KS1 Maths and Numeracy for children aged 5 and 6 in year 1. Specifically this quiz is aimed at the section dealing with developing the concept of addition and subtraction. *

In Year 1 children are taught the language associated with the number operations of addition and subtraction, which is wide and varied. It can also be confusing - for example, to find the difference between two numbers, it's possible to count up from the lower to the higher number (effectively adding) or count down from the higher to the lower (subtracting)! It's worth knowing the key language associated with the concept of addition or subtraction. This will be especially useful when tackling word problems.

Question 1

Which word could be placed in the space?

16 ____ 4 gives an answer of 12.

16 ____ 4 gives an answer of 12.

divided by

plus

add

minus

16 - 4 = 12. Minus is another word for subtract

Question 2

Which word could be placed in the space?

12 ____ 8 gives an answer of 20.

12 ____ 8 gives an answer of 20.

subtract

plus

minus

multiplied by

Plus is another word for add

Question 3

Which words could be placed in the space?

8 ____ 11 gives an answer of 3.

8 ____ 11 gives an answer of 3.

multiplied by

added to

divided by

subtracted from

Sometimes the number to be subtracted can come first in the number sentence

Question 4

Which words tell you this is an addition:

I had three balls and I bought six more. How many did I have altogether?

I had three balls and I bought six more. How many did I have altogether?

Three and six

More and altogether

Balls and many

Bought and have

More and altogether suggest adding up

Question 5

Which of the following is to do with subtraction?

adding

take away

totalling

in total

Taking one number away from another is subtracting

Question 6

Which of the following is to do with subtraction?

less than

add

plus

altogether

The other words all mean to add

Question 7

Which of the following is to do with addition?

sharing

put together

take away

multiply

Putting two or more groups together is the same as adding them

Question 8

Which of the following could be used for addition or subtraction?

minus

the difference between

plus

subtract

The difference between two numbers can be found by either adding or subtracting

Question 9

What would you do to solve this:

Seven plus eight =

Seven plus eight =

Add 7 and 8 together

Take 7 away from 8

Take 8 away from 7

Subtract 7 from 8

Plus is another word for add

Question 10

Which of the following is to do with addition?

subtract

take

minus

total

A total is the sum of two or more groups