*This quiz addresses the requirements of the National Curriculum KS1 Maths and Numeracy for children aged 5 and 6 in year 1. Specifically this quiz is aimed at the section dealing with understanding subtraction. *

Subtraction is a key number operation, usually taught closely with addition. Understanding it begins with removing one group of objects from a larger group and then counting the remaining objects to find how many are left. This may lead to using numbers to represent the objects, number lines to support counting back and also to beginning to understand all the language associated with subtraction.

Question 1

Sue buys 10 bananas. She eats 2 of them. How many are left?

8

6

2

7

'How many are left' is a clue that this is a subtraction question

Question 2

What is 15 - 8?

8

7

15

9

Imagine having 15 sweets and taking 8 of them away. 7 would be left

Question 3

What is fifteen subtract four?

12

11

5

9

Subtract means taking away

Question 4

Zak has 18 marbles. Joe has 6 less than Zak. How many marbles does Joe have?

11

12

10

9

'Less than' means counting back or subtracting

Question 5

Sam has 12 toy cars. His brother takes 4 away. How many cars are left?

4

8

12

3

Taking away is another way of saying subtracting

Question 6

What is 8 subtracted from 11?

4

2

5

3

'Subtracted from' means to take away from

Question 7

What is the difference between 7 and 12?

7

4

6

5

The difference between two numbers can be found by counting back from the highest to the lowest

Question 8

What is 4 less than 7?

7

4

3

47

Counting back 4 from 7 gets you to 3

Question 9

I have 15 crayons. I use 4 up and lose 5. How many do I have left?

6

7

8

9

'How many left' is a clue to this being a subtraction

Question 10

What is 8 taken away from 17?

8

10

9

7

'Taken away' also means to subtract