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Year 2 Calculation - Multiplication and Division By 5
5 x 6 = 30 so 30 ÷ 5 = 6

Year 2 Calculation - Multiplication and Division By 5

This quiz addresses the requirements of the National Curriculum KS1 Maths and Numeracy for children aged 6 and 7 in year 2. Specifically this quiz is aimed at the section dealing with multiplication and division by 5.

Counting in 5s follows on closely from counting up and down in steps of 2. It is usually practised regularly, in order for the skill to be fluent, and children are also taught to recognise that multiples of five end in 5 or 0. Once the five times table is familiar, children will learn how to use the multiplication facts to solve division questions. For example, if they know that 2 times 5 = 10, then they may also recognise that 10 divided by 5 = 2 or 10 divided by 2 = 5.

Question 1
I pack crayons into boxes, putting 5 in each box. How many boxes will I need for 40 crayons?
48, because 40 ÷ 5 = 48
20, because 4 x 5 = 20
45, because 40 + 5 = 45
8, because 40 ÷ 5 = 8
We could work this out from knowing that 5 x 8 = 40 or 8 x 5 = 40
Question 2
Which is the odd fact out?
5 x 7 = 35
35 ÷ 7 = 5
35 ÷ 5 = 7
7 ÷ 5 = 35
7 ÷ 5 does not give a whole number as an answer
Question 3
Which is not a multiple of 5?
75
90
152
105
Multiples of 5 only end in 5 or 0
Question 4
What is 55 ÷ 5?
5
15
10
11
There are 11 groups of 5 in 55
Question 5
How many 5s are there in 95?
59
9
19
15
Counting up in 5s until you reach 95 is helpful here
Question 6
What is the next number in this sequence: 15, 20, 25, 30, ?
33
31
35
40
The numbers are going up in fives
Question 7
Children sit in groups of 5. How many groups can be made from 30 children?
35
5
6
60
30 ÷ 5 = 6
Question 8
I know that 12 x 5 = 60. What else do I know?
12 ÷ 60 = 5
60 + 5 = 12
60 ÷ 12 = 5
5 x 60 = 12
If 12 groups of 5 makes 60, then 60 divided into groups of 12 will mean 5 in each group
Question 9
What is 10 x 5?
50
2
15
5
You would get the same answer from 5 x 10
Question 10
Which number is in the 5 times table?
785
513
556
789
Looking only at the last digit is important when spotting multiples of 5
You can find more about this topic by visiting BBC Bitesize - Multiplying and dividing

Author:  Angela Smith

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