UKUK USUSIndiaIndia
Enjoyable and Effective Quizzes for Learning and Quick Revision
Check out our new app Reduce screen time App access to 1,000’s of quizzes Happy parents Find out more
Year 2 Calculation - Multiplication (Mental Methods)
5 x 3 is the same as 3 + 3 + 3 + 3 + 3, or 5 + 5 + 5. They all give the answer 15.

Year 2 Calculation - Multiplication (Mental Methods)

This quiz addresses the requirements of the National Curriculum KS1 Maths and Numeracy for children aged 6 and 7 in year 2. Specifically this quiz is aimed at the section dealing with using mental methods for multiplication.

Understanding the process of multiplication can be quite a tricky challenge for some children. An introduction to this number operation will usually show that multiplication is, in fact, repeated addition. For example, the calculation of 3 x 4 is the same as 3 + 3 + 3 + 3 or 4 + 4 + 4. They are then encouraged to use mental methods to solve multiplication problems by using the number facts they have learned, for example if 3 + 3 + 3 = 9 then 3 x 3 = 9. This is closely related to the mental methods Year 2 children learn to solve division problems.

Question 1
If 2 hands = 10 fingers, how many fingers will 6 hands be?
30 because 6 x 10 = 30
30 because 3 x 10 = 30
30 because 6 x 2 = 30
30 because 2 x 6 = 30
10 + 10 + 10 = 30, this is the same as 3 x 10
Question 2
Which of the following calculations is correct?
4 x 4 = 16
4 + 4 + 4 = 16
3 = 4 = 16
4 + 4 + 4 + 4 + 4 = 16
4 x 4 is the same as 4 + 4 + 4 + 4 = 16
Question 3
Which of the following calculations is incorrect?
2 x 6 = 12
6 x 2 = 12
2 + 2 + 2 + 2 + 2 + 2 = 12
4 x 4 = 12
All the others show some of the different ways 12 can be made
Question 4
What are three lots of four?
4 + 3 = 12
3 + 3 = 12
3 x 4 = 12
3 x 3 = 12
This is the same as 4 + 4 + 4 or 3 + 3 + 3 + 3
Question 5
2 x 3 = 6 so:
3 x 3 = 6
2 + 3 = 6
3 + 2 = 6
3 x 2 = 6
The smaller numbers in a multiplication can go in either order
Question 6
Which calculation 'family' would be most appropriate to describe 15 cakes?
3 x 4 = 12
4 x 3 = 12
3 + 3 + 3 + 3 = 12
4 + 4 + 4 = 12
3 x 5 = 15
5 x 3 = 15
3 + 3 + 3 + 3 + 3 = 15
5 + 5 + 5 = 15
5 x 4 = 20
4 x 5 = 20
4 + 4 + 4 + 4 = 20
5 + 5 + 5 + 5 = 20
6 x 4 = 24
4 x 6 = 24
4 + 4 + 4 + 4 + 4 + 4 = 24
6 + 6 + 6 + 6 = 24
15 cakes could be arranged in 3 rows of 5, or 5 rows of 3
Question 7
Pizzas are cut into 8 slices. Which calculations show how many slices there would be if there were 3 pizzas?
3 x 8 = 24
8 x 3 = 24
3 + 3 + 3 + 3 + 3 + 3 + 3 + 3 = 24
8 + 8 + 8 = 24
2 x 4 = 8
4 x 2 = 8
4 + 4 = 8
2 + 2 + 2 + 2 = 8
2 x 8 = 16
8 x 2 = 16
2 + 2 + 2 + 2 + 2 + 2 + 2 + 2 = 16
8 + 8 = 16
4 x 8 = 32
8 x 4 = 32
8 + 8 + 8 + 8 = 32
4 + 4 + 4 + 4 + 4 + 4 + 4 + 4 = 32
If each pizza has 8 slices, and there are 3 pizzas, this is the same as 8 x 3 or 3 x 8
Question 8
Which of the following calculations is correct?
4 x 3 = 12
3 x 3 = 12
2 x 4 = 12
4 x 4 x 4 = 12
3 x 4, 3 + 3 + 3 + 3 and 4 + 4 + 4 would also give the same answer
Question 9
2 + 2 + 2 + 2 is the same as:
4 x 4
2 x 2
4 x 2
2 x 2 x 2 x 2
Multiplication is the same as repeated addition
Question 10
Jane makes rows of sweets. She puts 5 sweets in each row.
If she makes 4 rows, how many sweets will she use?
45 because 4 x 5 = 45
54 because 5 x 4 = 54
25 because 5 x 5 = 25
20 because 5 x 4 or 4 x 5 = 20
This is the same as 5 + 5 + 5 + 5
Author:  Angela Smith

© Copyright 2016-2019 - Education Quizzes
TJS - Web Design Lincolnshire
View Printout in HTML

Valid HTML5

We use cookies to make your experience of our website better.

To comply with the new e-Privacy directive, we need to ask for your consent - I agree - No thanks - Find out more