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Techniques
Marmotinto is also known as Sand Painting.

Techniques

This quiz addresses the requirements of the National Curriculum KS3 in Art and Design for children aged 11 to 14 in years 7 to 9. Specifically this quiz is aimed at the section dealing with producing creative work, experimenting with and exploring ideas, and recording experiences. It looks in particular at some of the different techniques used by artists.

Children will have used and learnt a variety of artistic techniques and processes in KS1 and 2. Experimenting with a variety of media is an important part of creative development as children learn new techniques by learning how to control and change materials in order to produce the effect or finish they want.

By the time students reach KS3, they will be expected to understand a widening variety of different techniques, which may have been learnt and developed through sessions aimed at experimentation.

A firm grasp of different techniques and an understanding of when they may be appropriate will help a developing artist create work which is creative, appropriate and stimulating. A willingness to push boundaries, blend unusual media and challenge traditional techniques is what has helped the visual arts develop and evolve over time. In order to do this, however, all artists must first develop a good understanding of the wide variety of techniques available to them.

1.
What is gilding?
Covering a large area with paint very quickly
Applying fine gold leaf or powder to solid surfaces
Using minute detail to draw the viewer's eye
Building thick layers of paint up on a canvas
Methods of gilding include hand application and glueing, chemical gilding, and electroplating. Objects treated this way are known as 'gilt'
2.
What is d├ęcollage?
A painting of a beautiful lady
A technique where parts of an original image is cut or torn away
A collection of miniature portraits
A glazed vase
D├ęcollage is the opposite of collage. Instead of an image being built up of parts of existing images, it is created by cutting, tearing away or otherwise removing, pieces of an original image
3.
What is the key material used in marmotinto?
Sand
Oil
Water
Wax
Marmotinto is the art of creating pictures using coloured sand or marble dust and is also known as sand painting
4.
How is paint applied when creating 'Impasto'?
Very thinly
In several thin layers
One colour at a time
Very thickly
The paint is usually thick enough to see the brush or knife strokes as it has been applied
5.
What is 'faux painting'
A painting technique which creates a shadow
An artistic technique which shows the artists within the painting
A method for applying paint to a canvas without using brushes
A painting technique to replicate the finish of materials such as wood or marble
Faux painting became popular in classical times in the forms of faux marble, faux wood, and trompe l'oeil murals which 'trick the eye'
6.
A form of faux painting using paint thinned out with glaze and old rags to create a lively texture on walls and other surfaces is known as what?
Speckling
Stippling
Patting
Ragging
Ragging can be done in a variety of patterns, including rag rolling, in which the rags are twisted together and then rolled over a wet surface creating the illusion of fabrics such a velvet or silk
7.
Which of the following is not an artistic technique?
Repoussoir
Keum-boo
Grisaille
Limboustino
Repoussoir uses objects in the foreground, Keum-boo is gilding and Grisaille is monochromatic painting
8.
When might an artist create 'orange peel'?
When painting
When eating a snack
When tidying up the studio
When showing how creative he has been with materials
Orange peel is a certain kind of finish that may develop on painted and cast surfaces. The texture resembles the surface of the skin of an orange
9.
If an artist executed a blind contour drawing, what wouldn't he do?
Use charcoal
Open his eyes
Look at the paper
Look at the finished drawing
This is a drawing technique, where an artist draws the contour of a subject without looking at the paper
10.
What is a 'Brunaille'
A painting which has a velvety finish
A painting which is circular in shape
A painting which does not contain any human forms
A painting done mostly or entirely in shades of brown
Brunaille has its origins in 12th century stained glass made for Cistercian monasteries
Author:  Angela Smith

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