Layout and structure are two of the basics when it comes to letter writing. The dictionary tells us that the word "formal" means "being in accord with established forms, conventions and requirements". Letters can be written in both a formal and an informal manner.
How often do you write letters? Do you send letters to your family members who live far away? Have you sent a letter to a newspaper or a local official, such as a councillor? Perhaps you have never had a reason to send a letter at all!
Nonetheless, it is useful to know the rules for letter-writing for three reasons. The first of these is that you might need to write formal letters in future, especially for job applications. The second reason is that learning the rules of letter-writing helps you to distinguish between formal modes of address and informal. The final reason is that most of these rules apply to email, too, and knowing the rules will help you be confident in writing formal emails to people you do not know.
Test your knowledge of letter-writing with this quiz.