This KS3 Geography quiz will question you on Italy, specifically comparing the north and south. The larger portion of northern Italy is occupied by the basin of the Po river, which comprises the whole of the broad plain extending from the foot of the Apennines to that of the Alps. The area of Italy, roughly marked by the cities of Milan, Turin and the seaport Genoa, was the first part of the country to become industrialised. By the start of this century, the main industrial area has become focussed further to the east, but still in the Po basin.
On the other hand, southern Italy has a much less developed economy, which is mainly based on agriculture and tourism. The soils are thin and poor and mainly owned by rich people who live in the cities. At the time that northern Italy was starting to develop its industry, the southern part of Italy was in an economic crisis. Many Italian families chose to emigrate to the Americas. This is the reason that in places like New York, there are large numbers of people with Italian backgrounds.