Case Study Japan (Industry) 02
Challenge yourself on industrial Japan and see if you can get full marks.

Case Study Japan (Industry) 02

Test yourself in this KS3 Geography quiz on Japan. Japan is one of the biggest producers of cars in the world. It has a huge industrial capacity and is also home to some of the largest, leading and most technologically advanced producers of motor vehicles, electronic equipment and machine tools. Many of the electronic devices that you use every day are made by Japanese companies.

But all of this industry requires energy to power the machines. A lot of the energy used is electrical. Electricity is easy to transport from the power stations to factories and offices. During the 1960s, the Japanese government invested heavily in nuclear power stations. They were importing a lot of oil from the Middle East as well as coal from other places. Generating electricity from nuclear fuel is more efficient than from fossil fuels and doesn't put CO2 into the air or cause acid rain. They had built lots of hydro-electric power stations but all the best places had already been used so nuclear was the ideal option to reduce imports. But since the big earthquake and tsunami in 2011 badly damaged a nuclear power station and released radiation into the environment, a lot of Japanese are now against this form of energy.

Why does Japan have a trade surplus?
It exports more than it imports
It has a large fleet of tankers
It imports expensive materials
It imports more than it exports
Manufactured goods are usually more expensive than raw materials
Which is not a reason for building nuclear power stations on the coast?
Raw materials imported easily
Safer in the case of nuclear accidents
Strong winds coming off the sea
Water needed for cooling
The interior of Japan is very mountainous and if there is a nuclear accident, it would be much more difficult to get to the power station to stop any radiation leaks
Japan's industrial growth began with the making of what?
Steel was used to build ships to import raw materials as Japan has poor reserves of raw materials needed for industry
What is the least important location factor for Japanese industry?
A skilled workforce
Low, flat land
Near to sources of energy
Sheltered deepwater ports
Energy is least important as it can be transported easily to where it is needed
Which problem has not been caused by industry?
Air and water pollution
Destruction of natural habitats
Loss of farmland
Tidal waves
These are known as tsunamis and are caused by underwater earthquakes
Traditionally, Japan has imported most oil from where?
Middle East
e.g. Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates
The Kurobe River is home to a major scheme for what?
Fish farming
Hydro electric power
Rice growing
Whaling for beginners
The river is fast flowing in a mountainous region
How can Japan's farming best be described?
No land is wasted as there is very little flat land
Which is Japan's most important trading partner?
Japanese products are exported round the world
In Japan there is growing opposition to what?
HEP stations
Large industrial estates
Nuclear power stations
When a nuclear power station goes wrong, it can release large amounts of radioactive material into the environment. Japan is subjected to violent earthquakes and so there is always the risk that nuclear power stations will be damaged
Author:  Jan Crompton

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