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Comparing Rich and Poor 01
GDP is given in U.S. Dollars.

Comparing Rich and Poor 01

This KS3 Geography quiz is about comparing rich and poor. GDP stands for Gross Domestic Product and is used to compare the wealth of different countries. The richer countries can afford better facilities like schools, hospitals and proper roads. In the world's poorest countries, most of the roads are just dirt tracks and few people outside of the big cities have any access to education or regular health care. In order to be able to directly compare the GDP of different countries, it is given in United States Dollars instead of the country's own currency.

Poor countries are often described as LEDCs. This stands for Less Economically Developed Countries. The majority of LEDCs are in tropical areas, which includes sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). GDP isn't the only way of comparing the rich countries to the poor countries. The Human Development Index (HDI) is also used. As well as taking into account the number of people per doctor and access to education, it looks also at literacy rates and life expectancy. LEDCs usually have an economy based on agriculture, with many of the poorest people being subsistence farmers whose families have to survive on a low calorie diet.

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GDP can show a country's wealth. What does it mean?
General Development Plan
Great Development Project
Gross Debt Peak
Gross Domestic Product
The formula for working it out is very complicated but, put simply, you can think of it as being the total value of goods produced, divided by population
GDP is always given in what currency?
British Pounds
Japanese Yen
U.S. Dollars
Currency exchange rates change from minute to minute - if every country's GDP is worked out in the same currency, it means that they can be compared directly
Many poor countries are in which climate zone?
Richer countries tend to be in temperate areas with milder temperatures
Which is not an indicator of health in a poor country?
Calorie intake
Life expectancy
Literacy rates
Number of people per doctor
People in the richest countries can afford to buy more food, so their calorie intake is higher than for people in poorer countries
Which letters are used to describe a poorer country?
Less Economically Developed Country
Which continent has the greatest number of LEDCs?
North America
South America
It is difficult to develop an industrial economy in large areas of Africa
What does the 'N' stand for in GNP?
Gross National Product - it is GDP plus any money earned from abroad
LEDCs are sometimes called what?
First World
Fourth World
Second World
Third World
The 'First World' countries are the world's richest nations
Which is not a good reason for GDP being measured in U.S. Dollars?
It is the world's major international currency
People in most countries know what the Dollar is worth
The Dollar's rate of exchange never alters
The wealth of countries can easily be compared
The rate of exchange between ALL currencies is constantly changing
Some of the poorest countries are in SSA, which means what?
Self-Sufficient Asia
Struggling South America
Sub-Saharan Africa
Sub-Standard Areas
Life in this part of the world is extremely tough
Author:  Jan Crompton

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