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Limestone Scenery 03
Get to know more about limestone in this quiz.

Limestone Scenery 03

This is our third KS3 Geography quiz on limestone scenery. Carboniferous and other types of limestone are partially soluble in acid. Carboniferous limestone contains joints and bedding planes and therefore forms many erosional landforms. These include limestone pavements, pot holes, caves and gorges. Where water drips into a cave from above, each drop leaves behind a small amount of the calcium carbonate that it has dissolved on its journey through the limestone, forming a stalactite. Where the drop lands, it can leave behind even more, forming a stalagmite.

In the UK, Carboniferous limestone is found mainly in the northern areas of England - the Peak District, the Yorkshire Dales and the north Pennines are three key areas. The limestone scenery of these areas attracts many tourists. Limestone soils tend to be thin and not particularly fertile. They are usually upland areas too, so sheep farming is the most usual form of agriculture. Limestone is an incredibly important rock and is used in the manufacture of hundreds of common everyday items. This means that it is quarried in large quantities.

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1.
Stalactites and stalagmites may join to form what?
Branches
Columns
Spines
Trunks
In very old caves, there are some spectacular examples of columns
2.
Vertical cracks in limestone have what name?
Crevasses
Joints
Ruptures
Vents
These are cracks that formed as the sediments turned into rock
3.
Which of the following is often used as part of the name of a small stream in a limestone area?
Beck
Ria
Tarn
Trickle
If you visit the Yorkshire Dales, you might cross or walk beside such streams as Tang Hall Beck or Osbaldwick Beck!
4.
What process causes calcium carbonate deposits in caverns?
Distillation
Evaporation
Fermentation
Hydration
As a drop of water evaporates, it cannot hold as much dissolved material
5.
Water disappears underground through what?
Loop holes
Pigeon holes
Sparrow holes
Swallow holes
Sometimes called sink holes
6.
What is another name for limestone landscapes?
Horst
Karst
Schist
Wurst
Originally the name of a limestone region in Slovenia
7.
Cracks in limestone pavements are called what?
Dykes
Grackles
Gripes
Grykes
It is sometimes spelled as grike. Grykes can sometimes be as wide as half a metre but are often narrower
8.
As well as chemical weathering, Carboniferous limestone can be weathered by freeze…?
Bake
Melt
Split
Thaw
Water freezes and expands to widen the cracks
9.
Rainwater reacts with carbon dioxide to form which acid that attacks limestone?
Carbonic acid
Formic acid
Nitric acid
Sulfuric acid
Surface streams on limestone are mildly acidic due to this acid
10.
What type of stream results from water reappearing above ground?
Recalcitrant
Rejuvenant
Resplendent
Resurgent
In the winter, the river Lathkill in Derbyshire is fed by a large resurgent stream in a cave in the side of its valley. During the summer, the cave is dry and the upper part of the river disappears as well. The summer resurgent is much less spectacular and is spread over a distance of several hundred metres
Author:  Jan Crompton

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