Population 05
See if you can get full marks in this quiz on population.

Population 05

Play our final KS3 Geography quiz on population. Changes in populations are due to many factors - migration, improving or worsening standards of living, wars, natural disasters and so on. An example of the latter was the destruction of the town of Pompeii by the eruption of Mount Vesuvius in AD79 - the town was completely depopulated.

In more recent times, in places like Africa and the Balkan states, certain groups of people have tried to completely exterminate other populations by killing them. This is called genocide and is usually caused by racial or religious prejudices.

Populations fluctuate (change up and down) naturally. In times of famine, populations will decline as the most vulnerable people starve to death.

The immune systems of babies are not as well developed as older children and adults so if there are diseases around, infant mortality will be high - fewer babies will survive and if the rates of infant survival is less than the death rate amongst the rest of the population overall, the population will fall. In LEDCs, women tend to have more children than women in MEDCs, and they start having children at much younger ages too. The birth rate is often higher than the death rate and so the population shows a natural increase

The average number of children born to each woman is called the what?
Birthing rate
Fertility rate
Hatching rate
Maternity rate
It's used as one of the ways of measuring population growth and is a statistical figure rather than a measure of the fertility of the women in a particular country
In which of the following countries is rapid population growth most likely to have happened?
Ghana is in West Africa and is an LEDC. Many LEDCs have had a large population growth since international aid agencies have brought better healthcare and clean water supplies to remote communities
Which of the following is most likely to have a sparse population density?
Employment opportunities
Good road links
Good shopping centres
Steep slopes
It's difficult to build and farm in such areas so very few people attempt it unless they have no other option
What is the best way to describe the UK's population?
Coffin dodgers
Rapidly falling
People are living longer so the average age in the UK is getting higher
Population grows slowly in MEDCs. What is not a reason for this?
Contraception is readily available
It is expensive to raise a child
Many women choose to put a career before children
Women marry young
Women tend to marry younger in LEDCs and have more children sooner than women in MEDCs
How is natural population growth defined?
By how much the population numbers drop
How many tall people there are
The difference between birth rate and death rate
The number of migrants
Death rate includes infant mortality
Moving by choice is what sort of migration?
Migration can be either internal or international
When a person moves for less than a year it is known as what?
Annual migration
Partial migration
Temporary migration
An example would be a student going to university
If birth rate is higher than death rate what will happen?
Everyone will leave
Population will fall
Population will rise
Population will stay the same
This is referred to as a natural increase
Which is an argument against migration?
If immigrants return home they take new skills with them
Immigrants often do those jobs that nobody else wants
Immigrants send money back home to help their families
It can lead to prejudice
It's thought there are over 100,000 racial incidents in the UK each year - not all of them are reported
You can find more about this topic by visiting BBC Bitesize - Population and migration

Author:  Jan Crompton

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