Racial Unrest and Civil Rights in the USA 04
Three American athletes made the Black Power salute at the 1968 Olympics.

Racial Unrest and Civil Rights in the USA 04

This KS3 History quiz takes a further look at racial unrest and civil rights in the USA. There were many protests surrounding racial unrest and civil rights in the USA. By 1966, the emergence of the Black Power Movement enlarged the aims of the Civil Rights Movement to include racial dignity and freedom from oppression by white Americans. Black Power was not a single organisation. It was a slogan used by many different civil rights groups who believed in armed self-defence. The phrase 'Black Power' had already been used in the 1850s by Frederick Douglass but he used it to refer to slave labour.

The Black Power movement had a special salute. The salute was famously made at the 1968 Olympic games by two black athletes (they came first and third in the 200 m sprint). It wasn't only the salute that mattered. The clothing that they wore (and exactly how they wore it) symbolised the struggle for equality. They were expelled from the Olympics and the US athletics team. The athlete who was second came from Australia and he supported their actions. He was not picked for the next Olympics, despite having qualified.

Which civil rights movement used more violent methods?
Black Power
Black Salvation
Fire Power
Power Force
They believed that non-violent protests were not working
Who was a major Black Power figure?
Bernard Q
Gregory K
Malcolm X
Stephen Y
He was assassinated but no-one could actually prove who carried out the assassination
What was Malcolm X's real name?
Malcolm Little
Malcolm Lowe
Malcolm Small
Malcolm Titch
His family had to move house when he was very young because of Ku Klux Klan threats
At which Olympics did three American athletes make the Black Power salute?
As a reminder that blacks were still treated as 2nd class citizens
Which actor and singer tried to make lynching illegal?
Al Jolson
Harry Belafonte
Paul Robeson
Sammy Davis Jr
President Roosevelt refused to agree to this
Malcolm X was assassinated in which year?
He was 39 years old when he died
Who founded the Universal Negro Improvement Association?
Marcus Garvey
Martin Luther King
Stokely Carmichael
Thurgood Marshall
He wanted blacks to form a separate nation
Huey Newton and Bobby Seale formed which 1960's protest group?
Black Leopards
Black Lions
Black Panthers
Black Pumas
It was originally started to monitor police brutality towards blacks
The Civil Rights Act was passed in which year?
It ended segregation of blacks and whites in the USA
Which boxer changed his 'slave name' of Cassius Clay?
George Foreman
Mike Tyson
Muhammad Ali
Sonny Liston
He believed that slavery still had to be overcome
You can find more about this topic by visiting BBC Bitesize - The civil rights movement in America

Author:  Jan Crompton

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