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The Agricultural Revolution 02
Oilseed rape was not rotated in the Norfolk system.

The Agricultural Revolution 02

This KS3 History quiz takes a second look at the Agricultural Revolution. Not all historians agree about the Agricultural Revolution. One thing is certain though, between 1700 and 1850, agricultural production just about doubled. At the time, the population of England was rapidly increasing. If farmers had not been able to grow more crops and rear more animals, large numbers of people would have starved and the Industrial Revolution would have been slowed down.

A number of people are credited with being important in the development of agriculture in the 18th and 19th centuries. Charles Townshend was a politician and a farmer. He strongly promoted the Norfolk system of crop rotation which earned him the nickname of "Turnip". A farmer called Robert Bakewell carried out a programme of selective breeding of sheep, cattle and horses. As a result of his work, new breeds of sheep that gave better wool were developed as well as bigger horses and cattle specifically grown to provide beef. Thomas Coke introduced better grasses for animal grazing and also publicised his work and the work of others through his agricultural shows.

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1.
Who introduced the Norfolk four-course crop rotation?
'Carrot' Connolly
'Cauliflower' Carter
'Runner Bean' Rogers
'Turnip' Townshend
Charles Townshend was a wealthy landowner
2.
Which crop was not rotated in the Norfolk system?
Barley
Clover
Oilseed rape
Turnips
Wheat was the fourth crop
3.
Which was not true of the new crop rotation system?
All farmers had to agree to use it
Animals were fed on the turnips and clover
No field needed to be left fallow
The soil was better nourished
It was not a legal requirement for farmers
4.
Who shared and spread new ideas?
Thomas Coke
Thomas Fanta
Thomas Sprite
Thomas Vimto
Sheep shearing competitions were one idea of his
5.
Jethro Tull famously invented a horse-drawn…what?
Combine harvester
Hay baler
Seed drill
Threshing machine
It planted seeds straight and at the same depth
6.
The old method of scattering seeds by hand was .......
Broadcasting
Palming
Pathetic
Winnowing
Seeds could be blown away or eaten by birds as they were not buried in the soil
7.
Who helped to produce healthier and heavier animals?
Henry Cornwell
James Stowell
Michael Chartwell
Robert Bakewell
He was the first person to breed cattle specifically for slaughtering to provide beef
8.
Bakewell's methods were known as what?
Cloning
Controlled mating
Scientific rearing
Selective breeding
His programme of selective breeding was mentioned by Charles Darwin in his theory of evolution. He said it was good evidence that species could change over long periods of time
9.
Jethro Tull's book of 1731 had what title?
Farming the Modern Way
Horse Hoeing Husbandry
Ploughing New Furrows
Seed Drill Dynamics
He believed that plants used the soil for food. No-one knew about photosynthesis at that time
10.
Which other historical event greatly helped farmers?
The American Revolution
The French Revolution
The Industrial Revolution
The Mexican Revolution
Farm machinery could now be made of iron instead of wood
Author:  Jan Crompton

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