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The Industrial Revolution 03
Sheffield is most associated with steel making, particularly cutlery.

The Industrial Revolution 03

This KS3 History quiz asks questions about the Industrial Revolution. Without steam engines and iron, the Industrial Revolution may not have happened. Iron production was only carried out on a small scale before the eighteenth century. It increased by about 10 times between 1750 and 1830 and, without iron, the steam engine could not have been made. Iron production was on a small scale before Abraham Darby invented a method of extracting iron using coke. The coke replaced charcoal as a fuel.

Coke was initially cheaper than charcoal and it overcame the problems of a lack of wood to produce charcoal locally. The iron that was produced was not particularly pure and was called cast iron. Cast Iron was brittle but strong enough to make many machine parts and building materials like girders and columns. Eventually, during the middle of the nineteenth century, Henry Bessemer discovered a way of making steel, a much less brittle, stronger and more useful material than cast iron and wrought iron. This opened up the way for some incredible pieces of engineering.

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Those who smashed factory machinery were called what?
They were mainly unemployed skilled workers who were concerned about the loss of skills within the textile industry
Which factory owner financed James Watt's work?
James Nasmyth
Lionel French
Matthew Boulton
Thomas Savery
He was a Birmingham businessman
Who usually crawled under a jammed machine?
Factory owners
Very dangerous - machines were often still running
Iron and steel making required what form of coal?
Bituminous coal
This was made by heating coal in the absence of air
In the 1850's who developed a steelmaking process?
David Fitzsimmons
Henry Bessemer
Henry Cort
John Neilson
Steel was less brittle than wrought iron
Cast iron that could be shaped by bending or hammering was called what?
Distressed iron
Pressed iron
Wrought iron
Wrung iron
Stronger than cast iron - used for tools and machines but it was only made in small quantities and was therefore very expensive
James Watt improved whose steam engine in the 1760's?
Terence Newgate
Thomas Newcomen
Timothy Newland
Tom Newsome
Newcomen's was the first really practical working steam engine
Edmund Cartwright's invention caused unemployment for which workers?
Cloth dyers
Hand-loom weavers
Sheep shearers
Wool sorters
His power loom was driven by steam engines
Which of the following cities is most associated with steel making?
Especially stainless steel, particularly cutlery
In the early 18th century, who began making cast iron?
Abraham Darby
Adam Lester
Moses Carlisle
Noah Durham
He used coke instead of charcoal
Author:  Jan Crompton

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