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The Industrial Revolution 04
Which city was known as 'Cottonopolis'?

The Industrial Revolution 04

This KS3 History quiz is our final look at the Industrial Revolution. Machinery was being invented constantly during the Industrial Revolution. These developments meant that by the 1830s it needed only 750 workers to produce as much yarn as it would once have taken 200,000 people to spin!

As the new machinery was introduced into factories, employers were able to save money by employing unskilled labourers. This angered skilled workers as more and more were unable to find work. There were various protests, the most well known being that of the Luddites. This group was formed in Nottingham in 1811 and smashed machinery. They were not against the machinery, they were against the fact that their skills were being replaced by machines and unskilled workers.

The first practical steam engine was made by Thomas Savery. It had no moving parts but was able to lift water from mines.

John Newcomen made the next step forward with his steam powered beam engine. This operated a pump that could pump water from much deeper mines. The next key change was thanks to an Industrialist, Matthew Boulton and a Scottish inventor, James Watt. The steam engine they invented was capable of providing rotary (round and round) motion which made it incredibly useful. It could be used to provide the power to turn machinery in textile mills and other factories and lead to the development of the steam locomotive.

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1.
Who did NOT help build a steam engine that could drive various machines?
Charles Bridges
James Watt
Matthew Boulton
William Murdoch
Murdoch was an amazing inventor but the reputations of Boulton and Watt rather overshadowed his achievements
2.
Which city was known as 'Cottonopolis'?
Birmingham
Leeds
Liverpool
Manchester
It was the largest cotton town in England
3.
Why was Lancashire's damp climate good for the cotton industry?
More umbrellas needed to be made
Rainwater helped the workers thirsts
Workers kept dry in the factories
Yarn did not break as easily
When the yarn broke, production stopped
4.
Which of the following was an impoortant location for the production of Iron and steel?
Caerphilly
Cwmbran
Merthyr
Penarth
A town in South Wales
5.
The Industrial Revolution created which class?
Landowner class
Run of the mill class
Upper class
Working class
At the time, the working class was mainly unskilled workers
6.
Lancashire's raw cotton came into which port?
Chester
Fleetwood
Liverpool
Preston
A lot of it came from America, from cotton plantations in the south that used slave labour
7.
By the 1830s, the Industrial Revolution was speeded by the growth of what?
Canals
Railways
Supersonic flight
Turnpike roads
Goods could be moved quickly and easily
8.
Josiah Wedgwood founded what type of factory?
Coffee
Engineering
Pottery
Textile
He opened a factory in Stoke-on-Trent and was the grandfather of Charles Darwin
9.
Which 1851 event celebrated all the new industry?
The Grand Display
The Great Exhibition
The Universal Exhibition
The World Fair
Brainchild of Prince Albert, Queen Victoria's husband
10.
At that time Britain was described as the what 'of the world'?
Ideas bank
Laboratory
Nerve centre
Workshop
British-made goods were being exported right around the world
Author:  Jan Crompton

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