This KS3 History quiz takes a look at the reign of Elizabeth I. Elizabeth I was born in 1533 and was the only child of Anne Boleyn to survive. She was only three when Henry VIII had Anne Boleyn beheaded. She was well educated and a talented musician. She inherited the throne of England following the death of her half-sister Queen Mary.
Henry VIII had changed the religion of England from Catholic to Protestant. Queen Mary was a devout Catholic and restored the Catholics. Elizabeth once again reformed the Church and re-established Protestantism but did not persecute the Catholics until later in her reign, after there had been several attempts by Catholic rebels to kill her.
Mary Stuart, the Queen of the Scots, was Elizabeth's cousin and was seen by many to be the rightful heir to the throne.
After her husband, Lord Darnley, was murdered, she fled to England. She was a threat to Elizabeth and was imprisoned for 19 years. Against the wishes of Elizabeth, Mary was executed for plotting against her. This angered King Philip II of Spain since Mary was a Catholic. He launched an armada of ships and men to invade England and to restore the power of the Catholic Church. The armada was defeated and England remained Protestant. Two further invasion attempts were repelled a few years later.