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Soil and Rocks 01
The white cliffs of Dover are chalk.

Soil and Rocks 01

A fun way to revise about sedimentary, igneous and metamorphic rocks. What are rocks made of?

Aged between 11 and 14? This quiz is especially for you.

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FIND OUT ABOUT SUBSCRIPTIONS

1.
Which statement about the rock cycle is true?
Erosion is the weathering and carrying away of rock sediment
Freeze thaw is cold weather
Lava is molten rock inside the Earth
Transportation is the covering and squashing of layers
Freeze-thaw is a type of weathering that occurs in cold places. Lava is molten rock that has reached the surface of the Earth. Transportation is the movement of weathered particles and forms part of the process of erosion
2.
Which of the following is the BEST definition of weathering?
Breaking up of rocks at the surface
Change to liquid caused by intense heat
Covering and squashing layers to form rock
Moving of rocks from one place to another
There are several different types of weathering which can be grouped as mechanical or chemical
3.
Sandstone is grainy and crumbly and may contain fossils. Its rock type is.....
Igneous
Metamorphic
Sedimentary
Soft
70% of all rocks on Earth are sedimentary and they are the only type to contain good fossils
4.
Which one of these describes a metamorphic rock?
A black rock formed on the Earth's surface
A glass type rock formed by volcanoes
A rock formed from grains of sand squeezed together
A white rock, showing layers formed by heat and pressure on chalk or limestone
Metamorphic comes from Greek words meaning 'change' and 'form'. This is actually a description of marble
5.
Which type of rock has been formed from hot liquid rock called magma?
Igneous
Metamorphic
Mixture
Sedimentary
Igneous comes from the Greek word meaning fire
6.
Granite is an intrusive igneous rock. Which best describes its characteristics?
A hard rock, large crystals due to slow cooling of magma
A hard rock, small crystals due to fast cooling of lava
A soft rock, large crystals due to slow cooling of magma
A soft rock, small crystals due to fast cooling of magma
Aberdeen in Scotland is known as the Granite City because a lot of the public buildings have been built from the local rock which is a greyish-coloured granite
7.
Which rock is composed mainly of calcium carbonate?
Chalk
Pumice
Quartz
Sandstone
The white cliffs of Dover are chalk. Limestone is the other important rock that is made from the mineral calcium carbonate. At GCSE, you will find out just how many products that you use every single day of your life involve limestone somewhere in their production
8.
Which type of soil will have good drainage, meaning water runs through quickly?
Clay
Loam
Sandy
Silt
The particles are larger than silt and clay so water can get through more easily. Loam contains a lot of humus which absorbs water and keeps it from draining away. It is the best sort of soil for growing plants in
9.
Which one of these is NOT a component of soil?
Humus
Magma
Rock particles
Water
Magma is molten rock
10.
Which of the following is a metamorphic rock?
Basalt
Limestone
Mudstone
Slate
Igneous rock, Basalt, is the most common rock on Earth
You can find more about this topic by visiting BBC Bitesize - Useful materials

Author:  Sue Davison

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