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68% of voters with a university degree voted to Remain.

The Referendum Result

When the referendum result was announced, many people were shocked. The UK had voted for Brexit. Many others were delighted. All their years of campaigning to get Britain out of the EU had finally paid off - or had they?

Looking at how different portions of our society voted revealed a great divide in Britain. Scotland and Northern Ireland both voted to Remain, whilst England and Wales opted to Leave. But that's not all - younger people voted to remain and older ones to leave, and university graduates were much more likely to have voted Remain than those without a higher education.

Religion, culture and nationalism were also factors in how we voted, and there were also claims of interference by a foreign state. All of this offered an insight into how the UK's demographic groups think, which we look at in this quiz.

A total of 46,500,001 people were entitled to vote in the referendum. What percentage of the electorate actually turned out?
Of these, 17,410,742 voted to leave (37.4% of electorate) and 16,141,241 voted to remain (34.7%)
The UK voted to leave the EU by 51.9% to 48.1%. However, which part of the UK voted 62% versus 38% in favour of Remain?
Northern Ireland
Every single council in Scotland saw a majority for Remain. Northern Ireland also voted Remain, but by a smaller margin than Scotland
Which constituency had the highest proportion of Leave voters nationally?
Norwich South, Norfolk
East Lothian, Scotland
Streatham, London
Boston and Skegness, Lincolnshire
75.6% of the electorate in Boston and Skegness voted to leave the EU. Boston is home to the highest concentration of EU migrants after London which, ironically, had the highest proportion of Remain voters after Scotland
One British Overseas Territory was also allowed to vote. They supported Remain by 95.9% to 4.1%. Which territory was it?
The Falkland Islands
Saint Helena
The Cayman Islands
It was the first time a British Overseas Territory had participated in a UK-wide referendum. The result was the biggest Remain vote of all the 382 voting areas
One factor in the result was the age of voters. Which of these groups would be most likely to have voted Leave?
18 to 24-year-olds
25 to 49-year-olds
50 to 64-year-olds
Over 65s
71% of 18 to 24-year-olds voted Remain, as did 54% of 25 to 49-year-olds. Those aged 50 to 64 voted Leave by 60% to 40%, and 64% of the over 65s voted to leave
The most dramatic split in the vote was to do with the level of education. Which of these groups would be most likely to have voted Remain?
Those with a GCSE equivalent or lower
Those with A-Levels but no degree
Those with a higher education but no degree
Those with a degree
70% of those with a GCSE equivalent or lower voted to Leave, and 68% of those with a university degree voted to Remain. Those with A-Levels and no degree were split, 50-50
There are ongoing investigations into interference in the referendum by which foreign state?
A report in 2018 found that, “The Russian government has sought to influence democracy in the United Kingdom through disinformation, cyber hacking, and corruption.” More investigations are underway as I write
Surprisingly, religion was a factor in how people voted. Followers of which faith were the most likely to vote Leave?
Church of England
Roman Catholicism
Roman Catholics, Presbyterians, Muslims and the non-religious voted Remain, Methodists and Baptists were divided 50-50. Followers of the Church of England and Judaism were the only religious groups who voted Leave
A poll conducted by Conservative peer, Lord Ashcroft, found that which issue was the most important for Leave voters?
The UK should have more control of immigration
Leaving the EU is an economic opportunity for Britain
Decisions about the UK should be taken in the UK
A protest against the Establishment
All of the options mentioned above were among the most important for Leave voters. The most important issue for Remain voters was the risk Brexit posed to the economy
In England, leave voters were more than twice as likely as remain voters to describe themselves as what?
English, not British
British, not European
English, not European
British, not English
Conversely, Scottish remainers were more likely than leavers to see themselves as “Scottish not British”
Author:  Graeme Haw

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