A turtle eating a plastic bag
Sea creatures like turtles are threatened by plastic pollution.

Plastic Pollution

Our environment is facing many dangers. Climate change may be the biggest threat, but plastic pollution is not far behind. We dump millions of tonnes of plastic into our rivers and seas. So much so that it is killing ocean life and even getting into our own water supply!

You'd think that recycling plastics is the answer. That certainly would help, but many of the plastics finding their way into our waters were never intended to be recycled. Tiny balls of plastic known as microbeads are put into cosmetics and toothpastes to make them better at cleaning. That's all very well, but when you use them, these microbeads are flushed down the drain into our sewers and, eventually, our oceans. The only way to tackle this menace is to ban it.

In this quiz we look at the effects and the causes of plastic pollution, and we'll also learn what we can do to put a stop to it.

1.
Plastic pollution in our oceans is a threat to sealife. How exactly does plastic harm sea creatures?
It starves them to death
It poisons them
It makes reproduction more difficult
All of the above
Many animals mistake plastic for food. It fills their stomachs, so they don't get hungry - then they starve. It's also poisonous - corals that come into contact with plastic have an 89% chance of contracting disease. Also, there is so much plastic on our beaches that it affects the sand's temperature, making turtle eggs less likely to hatch
2.
How many marine species are harmed by plastic pollution?
At least 700
At least 70
At least 17
At least 7
A study by Plymouth University found that plastic pollution is a danger to a minimum of 700 marine species. The number of animals affected is huge. One estimate says that plastic pollution kills 100 million marine mammals alone every year
3.
To stop plastic pollution, we need to recycle. What percent of its plastic does the UK recycle?
86%
66%
46%
26%
The UK produces around 275,000 tonnes of plastic a year - that’s about the same as 15 million plastic bottles every day! Sadly, less than half of that is recyled
4.
Which country is the world’s worst plastic polluter?
The UK
China
India
The USA
The reason for this is the massive population of China, together with other countries exporting their plastic waste there. But there is an upside - China recently banned the import of most plastic waste
5.
Plastic waste is such a problem because it takes so long to break down. How many years does it take a plastic bottle to decompose?
4.5 years
45 years
450 years
4,500 years
Some plastics don't take as long as this, and others take much longer. Plastic bags take 10 to 20 years to disappear, but the worst plastics take up to 1,000 years to rot away
6.
Areas in the sea where plastic waste collects are known as what?
Marine mosh pits
Ocean garbage patches
Sea trash cans
Naval dumping grounds
There are 5 "ocean garbage patches" which go from the seabed all the way up to the surface. They are huge entities, covering areas as large as Russia!
7.
Plastic pollution can even get into our drinking water. If you bought a bottle of water, what are the chances it would contain particles of plastic?
25%
50%
75%
90%
A study by the World Health Organisation found an average of 325 plastic particles per litre of bottled water. Tap water fared better – “only” 83% of that contained plastic
8.
Coral reefs are threatened by plastic pollution as well as climate change. Experts predict that 90% of coral reefs will be dead by which year?
2050
2100
2150
2200
A quarter of all sealife lives in coral reefs, so their future looks bleak - another example of habitat destruction caused by humans
9.
Tiny particles of plastic are added to cosmetic products and toothpastes. What are the particles called?
Smallballs
Tinybits
Microbeads
Littlelumps
When microbeads are rinsed down a drain (after cleaning your teeth or washing your face) they make their way into rivers and, eventually, the sea. They are then eaten by sea creatures, and ultimately by us
10.
What can you do to help stop plastic pollution?
Reuse shopping bags
Use a steel, glass or bamboo straw
Pick up any plastic litter you find
All of the above
You can also avoid plastic packaging, use re-usable cups when you buy a tea or coffee, refuse to buy products with microbeads in them, and buy greener clothes which do not contain synthetic materials
Author:  Graeme Haw

© Copyright 2016-2019 - Education Quizzes
TJS - Web Design Lincolnshire
View Printout in HTML

Valid HTML5

We use cookies to make your experience of our website better.

To comply with the new e-Privacy directive, we need to ask for your consent - I agree - No thanks - Find out more