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African Flags 6
The people of Africa have a variety of religions, but the main two are Christianity and Islam.

African Flags 6

The continent of Africa has many different religions. The main two are Christianity, which is dominant in the south, and Islam, which is more prevalent in the north. In addition to these, Africa is also home to many members of the Baha'i faith, a good portion of Hindus, and of course the millions who follow the dozens of traditional African religions.

There are an estimated 100 million Africans who adhere to the traditional religions of Africa; and countless sets of beliefs. Dozens of differing mythologies originated in Africa such as the world famous ancient Egyptian mythology centred around the gods Isis and Horus.

Some African beliefs have transferred to the west, mostly via the slave trade. Voodoo, well known in the Caribbean, has its origins in Vodun, the traditional beliefs of coastal West Africa, from where most slaves were taken.

The sheer variety of African religions reflects the many different peoples who are found there. Today these peoples are distinguished by the modern countries where they live, each one of which is represented by its own flag.

1.
Which nation is represented by this flag? As well as the main island after which the country is named, it also includes the islands of Agalega and Rodrigues, and the Saint Brandon archipelago.
Mauritius
Seychelles
Mayotte
Sao Tome and Príncipe
Dutch explorer Wybrand Van Warwyck landed on the main island in 1598. He named it Mauritius in honour of Prince Maurice van Nassau, the Dutch head of state at the time
2.
To which nation does this flag belong? It became a Christian country in the 4th century and has historically been home to a large Jewish population. One third of the country's population are Muslims and its 20th century emperor, Haile Selassie, was said to be descended from the Biblical King Solomon.
Egypt
Rwanda
Ethiopia
Nigeria
The red, green and yellow in the flag were formerly used by the Ethiopian Empire. Added to that are the blue circle which symbolises peace, the star representing diversity and the sun's rays which stand for prosperity
3.
Which country in southern Africa is represented by this flag? It did not gain its independence from Britain until 1980 and it has had the same president in office since 1987.
Zambia
Angola
Zimbabwe
Botswana
The president of Zimbabwe at the time of writing is Robert Mugabe. He assumed power in 1987 and has been in office ever since.
The bird on the Zimbabwean flag represents a statuette found in the ruined city of Great Zimbabwe, which dates to around 1400 AD. On the flag the bird is symbolic of the nation's history
4.
Before it was colonised by the British the country represented by this flag was a part of the powerful Kingdom of Ashanti. It regained its independence in 1957, taking a name which translates into English as "warrior king." Which country is it?
Uganda
Ghana
Zimbabwe
Mozambique
Ghana is the home of Lake Volta, the largest reservoir on Earth with an area of 3,275 square miles (8,502 square km). It is also the world's largest producer of cocoa, the source of chocolate
5.
Which country in Central Africa is represented by this flag? It gained independence from France in 1960 and its capital city is Bangui.
Uganda
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Chad
Central African Republic
The flag of CAR conjoins the red, white and blue of France and the red, gold and green of the pan-African movement. It was designed by Barthelemy Boganda, the first Prime Minister of CAR who was killed in a 'plane crash in 1959
6.
This flag belongs to which island state, which was uninhabited until the arrival of Europeans in 1462? Its capital city is Praia, and it can be found 350 miles (570 km) off the western coast of Africa.
Madagascar
Réunion
Cape Verde
Seychelles
Although Cape Verde gained independence from Portugal in 1975, this flag was not adopted until 1992. The blue background represents both the sea and the sky, the red and white band symbolises the road to becoming a nation and the 10 stars are for the 10 main islands which make up Cape Verde
7.
This is the flag of which country on the west coast of southern Africa? It takes its name from the desert which runs through it and it gets the least rainfall of all the countries in sub-Saharan Africa.
Angola
Namibia
Botswana
Cameroon
The name Namibia is derived from the Namib Desert which runs along Africa's south west coast. Because it is dominated by the Namib desert Namibia is not very densely populated and despite its size (it is the 34th largest country on Earth) it has a population of only 2 million, ranking 143rd in the world
8.
The country represented by this flag was formed by a union of Zanzibar and Tanganyika in 1964. By what name is the united country known?
Zimbabwe
Burkina Faso
Zambia
Tanzania
The name chosen for the newly formed nation is a unification of 'tan' for Tanganyika and 'zan' from Zanzibar. Like the name, the flag of Tanzania is also a hybrid of the flags belonging to the two united countries
9.
This flag represents which country in northwest Africa? It is named after the river which flows through it and its capital city is Niamey.
Niger
Mali
Chad
Cameroon
The Nigerien flag is very similar to the flag of India, though the central symbol, which is said to symbolise both the sun and independence, differs from that of its Asian counterpart.
One thing makes the flag of Nigeria unusual; it has the ratio of 6:7 but is often displayed in other shapes such as 3:5 or 2:3 - even by its own government!
10.
Prior to 1975 the country to which this flag belongs was called Dahomey. It took its current name from the body of water against which it lies, but what is it called? Its capital city is Porto Novo.
Botswana
Gabon
Benin
Gambia
Benin was formerly a part of the African Kingdom of Dahomey, which had existed since 1600 and was a very successful state - until it was colonised by the French in 1894. Dahomey, which later became Benin, regained its independence in 1960.
The body of water on which it lies is the Bight of Benin, an inlet of the Atlantic Ocean

 

Author:  Graeme Haw

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