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North and South American Flags 1
How many continents are there in the world? Just 5 according to the Association of National Olympic Committees - one of which is the Americas.

North and South American Flags 1

Also known as the New World, the Americas consists of the two continental landmasses, North and South America. It is considered by some to be a single continent and is taught as such in most Spanish speaking countries.

The Americas are also regarded as one continent by the Association of National Olympic Committees. On their symbol of five rings each one represents a continent - Europe, Asia, Africa, Oceania, and the Americas.

Whether it is one continent or two, the New World is home to 35 sovereign states and 23 foreign territories. Find out a little more about some of them in this enlightening quiz.

1.
To which country, whose capital city is Lima, does this flag belong?
Peru
Bolivia
Chile
Honduras
Prior to the Spanish invasion, Peru was home to the Incan Empire - the largest empire in the whole of the Americas prior to European colonisation. During the period of Spanish rule, Lima was the capital of the Viceroy of Peru, which governed most of South America. Peru became independent from the Spanish in 1821 and the viceroy was dissolved in 1824
2.
To which country, which is a part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, does this flag belong? Its capital city is Oranjestad.
Antigua
Argentina
Aruba
Mexico
Aruba, although a part of the Netherlands, has its own parliament. It has been associated with the Dutch since 1636 when they took control from the Spanish
3.
This is the national flag of which country? It was adopted in 1960 on the anniversary of the nation's independence.
Barbados
Canada
Jamaica
United States of America
Since its independence from Britain in 1776, the USA has had 39 different flags. All have included the 13 red and white bars which represent the 13 British colonies who revolted, but the number and the pattern of stars have varied. Each one of the stars represents an American state and the number of these has grown over time. There has been a total of 50 states in the Union (and stars on the flag) since Hawaii joined in 1959
4.
Which country, which has coastlines on both the Pacific and the Atlantic oceans, is represented by this flag? Its capital city is Managua.
Guyana
Nicaragua
Panama
Curacau
The flag has in its centre the Nicaraguan coat of arms (which include the name of the country, as the eagle-eyed amongst you will have spotted!). The triangle represents equality and the rainbow peace. Beneath the rainbow is a Phrygian cap which symbolises liberty. Lastly, there are five volcanoes which represent the five countries of the former Federal Republic of Central America, of which Nicaragua was one
5.
This is the flag of which country whose capital city is Port of Spain? It in addition to its two main islands it contains a great many smaller ones.
Cuba
Trinidad and Tobago
Falkland Islands
Antigua & Barbuda
Trinidad and Tobago, which became independent from Britain in 1962, has a rich culture. It is famous for its annual carnival and is also the birthplace of the limbo dance, the steel drum, and calypso music!
6.
Which British Overseas Territory, made up of three islands, is represented by this flag? Its capital city is George Town.
St Kitts and Nevis
Falkland Islands
Saint Lucia
Cayman Islands
The flag, which was adopted in 1958, bears the islands' coat of arms and their motto, “He hath founded it upon the seas.” This is the second verse of Psalm 24 and reflects the island's links to both Christianity and the sea
7.
This is the flag of which country, which lies on the western part of the island of Hispaniola? In France it is known as 'The Pearl of the Antilles' because of its beautiful landscape.
Costa Rica
Trinidad
Haiti
Tobago
Haiti is unique in that it is the only country in the world to have been founded by a successful slave revolt. It gained independence from France in 1804, making it the second republic to be formed in the Americas
8.
This is the flag of which British Overseas Territory which was invaded by Argentina in 1982?
Bermuda
Grenada
Falkland Islands
Saint Martin
Despite their unsuccessful invasion the Argentinian Government still claims sovereignty over the islands. In a 2013 referendum 99.8% of Falkland Islanders favoured remaining under British rule. Argentina dismissed the results of the poll, saying that it "does not recognise the Falkland Islands as a partner in negotiations"
9.
This is the flag of which territory? It often has the word "British" placed before its official title so as to distinguish it from the American territory of the same name.
Grenada
Turks & Caicos Islands
Guyana
Virgin Islands
The Virgin Islands were discovered by Christopher Columbus in 1493 and he named them "Saint Ursula and her 11,000 Virgins." This was, unsurprisingly, shortened to the more succinct current name!
10.
Which country, whose capital city is Belmopan, does this flag represent? It is the only Central American country to have English as its official language.
Belize
Costa Rica
Guatemala
Honduras
Originally called British Honduras, the name Belize was adopted in 1973 and the country became independent in 1981

 

Author:  Graeme Haw

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