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Pillars of Islam

Mecca skyline in watercolour.

Pillars of Islam

The Five Pillars of Islam are the framework of a Muslim’s life. They are the belief or testimony of faith, prayer, giving zakat (support of the needy), fasting during the month of Ramadan, and the pilgrimage to Makkah once in a lifetime for those who are able.

The testimony of faith is saying with conviction, “La Ilaha Illallah, Muhammadur Rasool Allah.” This saying means “There is no true God but Allah, and Muhammad (PBUH) is the Messenger (Prophet) of Allah.” The first part, “There is no true God but Allah,” means that none has the right to be worshipped but Allah alone, and that Allah has neither partner nor son.

This belief or testimony of faith is called the Shahada. Muslims perform five prayers a day. Prayer in Islam is a direct link between the worshipper and Allah. There are no intermediaries between Allah and the worshipper. Prayers are performed at Dawn, Noon, Mid-Afternoon, Sunset, and Night. The original meaning of the word Zakat is both ‘Purification’ and ‘Growth.’ Giving Zakat means ‘giving a specified \"two and a half percent\" on properties to certain classes of needy people.’ Every year in the month of Ramadan, Muslims fast from Dawn until Dusk, abstaining from food, drink and other prohibited activities. The annual pilgrimage (Hajj) to Makkah is an obligation once in a lifetime for those who are physically and financially able to perform it.

1.
Which direction do Muslims face while offering prayers (Salaah)?
Baitul Muqaddas (Al-Aqsa Mosque Palestine)
Kaaba (Makkah)
Sheikh Zayed Grand Mosque (Abu Dhabi)
The Al-Fateh Mosque (Bahrain)
Muslims pray facing the Kaaba which is in Makkah, Saudi Arabia. It is the direction toward which Muslims from all over the world pray facing
2.
Which one of the Pillars is considered as the most important Pillar
Prayers (Salaah)
Fasting (Sawm)
Belief (Shahadah)
Pilgrimage (Hajj)
Belief or Testimony of Faith is considered as the most important pillar of Islam
3.
How many times should a Muslim perform pilgrimage in his / her life?
It is mandatory to perform once in a lifetime, if they have enough provisions for performing Pilgrimage (Hajj)
It is mandatory for Muslims to perform Pilgrimage (Hajj) at least twice in a life time
It is not mandatory at all for Muslims to perform Pilgrimage (Hajj)
It is mandatory for Muslims to perform Pilgrimage (Hajj) at least five times
The annual pilgrimage (Hajj) to Makkah is an obligation once in a lifetime for those who are physically and financially able to perform it
4.
Is it permitted to drink water while Fasting (Sawm)?
It is permitted to drink little water while fasting
No, it is not permitted to eat or drink anything while fasting
It is permitted to drink juice while fasting
It is permitted to eat dates while fasting
Fasting helps Muslims develop self-control; gain a better understanding of Allah’s gifts and greater compassion towards the deprived. Fasting in Islam involves abstaining from all bodily pleasures between dawn and sunset. During this period from dawn to dusk, Muslims eat not a grain of food nor drink a drop of water. It is not just the food and drink which is forbidden, but also everything which can be associated with evil such as foul speaking, lying, ogling etc.
5.
What are the Pillars of Islam?
Belief (Shahadah), Prayers (Salaah), Obligatory Charity (Zakah), Fasting (Sawm), Pilgrimage (Hajj)
Belief (Shahadah), Prayers (Salaah), Fasting (Sawm), Pilgrimage (Hajj)
Obligatory Charity (Zakah), Fasting (Sawm), Pilgrimage (Hajj)
Belief (Shahadah), Prayers (Salaah), Obligatory Charity (Zakah), Pilgrimage (Hajj)
6.
When do Muslims observe fasting (Sawm) for a month?
During the month of Rajjab
During the month of Dul-Hijjah
During the month of Sha’ban
During the month of Ramadhan
The fourth Pillar of Islam, the Fast of Ramadhan, occurs once each year during the 9th lunar month, the month of Ramadan, the ninth month of the Islamic calendar
7.
What is Belief (Shahadah)?
Shahadah is the recitation of Quran
Shahadah is declaring there is no God except Allah, and Prophet Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah
Shahadah is declaring that there is no God
Shahadah is the recitation of Quran during Prayers
The testimony of faith is saying with conviction, “La Ilaha Illallah, Muhammadur Rasool Allah.” This saying means “There is no true God but Allah, and Muhammad (PBUH) is the Messenger (Prophet) of Allah.” The first part, “There is no true God but Allah,” means that none has the right to be worshipped but Allah alone, and that Allah has neither partner nor son. This belief or testimony of faith is called the Shahada. The testimony of faith is the most important pillar of Islam
8.
What is the percentage of Obligatory Charity (Zakaah) on Muslims?
3.5%
1.5%
2.5%
4.5%
All things belong to God, and wealth is therefore held by human beings in trust. The original meaning of the word zakat is both ‘purification’ and ‘growth.’ Giving zakat means ‘giving a specified percentage on certain properties to certain classes of needy people.’ The percentage which is due on gold, silver, and cash funds that have reached the amount of about 85 grams of gold and held in possession for one lunar year is two and a half percent.

Our possessions are purified by setting aside a small portion for those in need, and, like the pruning of plants, this cutting back balances and encourages new growth. A person may also give as much as he or she pleases as voluntary alms or charity
9.
How many times does a Muslim offer Obligatory Prayers (Salaah) in a day?
Five times
Four times
Three times
Six times
Muslims perform five prayers a day. Each prayer does not take more than a few minutes to perform. Prayer in Islam is a direct link between the worshipper and God. There are no intermediaries between God and the worshipper
10.
Where do Muslims go for the Pilgrimage (Hajj)?
Baitul Muqaddas (Al-Aqsa Mosque Palestine)
Karbala (Iraq)
Dubai (UAE)
Makkah (Saudi Arabia)

 

Author:  Mohammed Azmath

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