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Israeli Culture
When greeting someone for the first time in Israel, a handshake is appropriate.

Israeli Culture

Israel is one of the only parliamentary democracies in the Middle East. The official languages are Hebrew and Arabic, with English the most foreign-used language. The roots of Israeli culture developed before the foundation of the State of Israel in 1948 with Tel Aviv (described by the New York Times as the "capital of Mediterranean cool") and Jerusalem considered the main cultural hubs of Israel.

1.
In Israel, the main meal of the day is usually ....
breakfast
lunch
dinner
all meals are considered equal
Although Israelis will have quite a large breakfast, with cheeses, salads, olives, Israeli bread, juice and coffee on the table, lunch tends to be the principal meal of the day, served around midday when children get home from school. Most Israelis eat a light meal in the evening, with dinner generally consisting of just dairy products, salads or eggs as the standard menu fare
2.
Israel has the highest numbers of museums per capita in the world. There are currently ....
55
150
200
500
Millions of visitors come to Israel each year from all denominations to visit the museums dedicated to religion, history, art and science. Jerusalem's famous Israel Museum has a special pavilion showcasing the Dead Sea scrolls as well as a large collection of Jewish religious art, Israeli art, sculptures and Old Masters paintings. Despite Israel being at the forefront of internet communication and development, newspapers continue to be published in dozens of languages, and every city and town still publishes a local newsletter
3.
In modern-day Israel, which of these is NOT a taboo and therefore NOT frowned upon?
Being drunk in public
Refusing an invitation to a meal or to someone’s house
Impatience as a road driver and honking your car horn
Giving the thumbs-up gesture to show everything is OK
This, as an internationally-accepted gesture is not considered taboo. However, putting your thumb in between your middle and index finger while making a fist is considered an obscene gesture
4.
Jewish weddings in Israel have one major difference to Jewish weddings held outside Israel. What is it?
There is no civil ceremony
The father of the bride does not walk her up the aisle
No music is played to announce the arrival of the bride
The wedding ceremony is held after the wedding reception
All Jewish marriages in Israel are registered with the office of the Chief Rabbi and not with the ‘state’, with the ceremony following traditional Jewish practice. While weddings do not have to be held in a synagogue, civil ceremonies are not performed in Israel
5.
Hebrew and Arabic are the official languages of Israel. However, over ....
20 other languages are spoken throughout the country
40 other languages are spoken throughout the country
60 other languages are spoken throughout the country
80 other languages are spoken throughout the country
Approximately 83 languages have been recorded as being spoken in Israel, although the speakers of those languages are encouraged to learn Hebrew or Arabic so as to integrate better into local education and commerce. Many native Hebrew and Arabic speakers are also very fluent in English, it being offered as a core subject in school in recognition by education, business and commerce that English is a much more international language. There are many English-language television and radio programmes as well as newspapers and magazines
6.
Israel’s main international airport, located at Lod, some 19km (12 miles) outside Tel Aviv is called ....
Tel Aviv Airport
El Al Airport
Ben Gurion Airport
Golda Meir Airport
This is Israel's main international airport, and handles almost 15 million passengers a year. It is considered to be one of the world's most secure airports and has never seen a terrorist hijack attempt succeed. The airport was renamed in 1973 in honour of Israel's first Prime Minister, David Ben-Gurion
7.
The Israeli greeting 'Shalom' means ....
'hello'
'goodbye'
'peace'
all three
Although the actual translation of the word Shalom is 'peace', it is also used as a greeting for 'hello', as well as to say 'goodbye'. When greeting someone for the first time in Israel, a handshake is appropriate, both for business and in social settings
8.
In Israel, in terms of gender and in relation to men, women are ....
expected to remain at home doing most of the cooking, cleaning, and child rearing
considered equal
expected to be seen and not heard
are very often the sole wage earners
Women have exactly the same rights as men in Israeli society and hold positions of power in politics, the corporate world, and civil defence. It is only in very religiously observant homes that women tend not to work outside the home, confining themselves to looking after all family and domestic matters
9.
Concerning education, ....
Israel is the country with the most schools per capita in the world
Israel was named the second most-educated country in the world
the University of Jerusalem is the largest in the northern hemisphere
Israel has one of the longest school days in the world
Israel was named the second most-educated country in the world in 2012, according to the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development's “Education at a Glance report”. The report found that 78% of the money invested in education comes from public funds and over 45% of the population has a university degree or a college diploma
10.
Green issues and environmental responsibility in Israel ....
dates back to the Bible
were introduced in 1948 when the State was founded
were constitutionally enforced in 1968
are only a recent responsibility
The teachings from the Talmud or Book of Jewish Law states that once the world is destroyed, the damage is irreversible. It is therefore an ethical responsibility to prevent this happening. Judaism created specific laws that are more sophisticated than many if not most of the current environmental laws. There is a biblical law, still followed today in Israel, where the land must lie fallow (unused) once in every seven years, to preserve the earth and make it more fertile and there must be a suitable and appropriate distance between city and rural areas in order to create a healthy ecological balance

 

Author:  Ed Moss

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