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Hindu Culture
Hindu Culture has influenced the whole world and some of its facets, such as henna tattoos, have entered Western Culture.

Hindu Culture

Every religion in the world has its own culture and customs, refined qualities and traditions. The Hindu culture is an amalgamation of love, honour, respect and humility. The inner nature is naturally modest and pure and will shine forth.

Respect for the elderly is a keystone and distinguishing feature of Hindu culture. The heartfelt acknowledgment of seniority is expressed through the endearing customs, which include bringing gifts on special occasions, sitting to the left of elders, not sitting while they are standing, not stretching or yawning in their presence, not speaking excessively before them, not putting opinions forward strongly before them, not arguing with or contradicting them, seeking their blessings and advice, serving their food first and giving them the first choice in every aspect.

The younger ones never speak the names of their elders, although the elder may use the names of the young ones. The children are taught to call all adults uncle or aunt. Only people of the same age group will address each other by their first names. A Hindu wife never utters the name of her spouse.

People touch the feet of holy men and women in respect to their inner attainment and great humility. A dancer touches the feet of her teacher before and after each class. Children touch the feet of their father and mother at special times and festivals or before setting forth on a journey.

A Hindu must respectfully visit divine places, seeing with outer and inner vision the image of a temple, deity, or holy place. The Darshan (encounter with a guru) is generally done with the intention to receive the grace and blessings of the holy being.

Dakshina is the traditional provision of a gift to a priest or a monetary fee at the completion of any ritual. It is also given to the gurus (teachers) as a token of humility and respect for their blessings.

The greeting "Jai Hind" (Hail India) was started by which famous person?
Bal Gangadhar Tilak
Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru
Subhash Chandra Bose
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi
Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose coined the term to induce a feeling of national integrity amongst the people. It has come to be used as a greeting, a slogan and a battle cry
Which Indian festival is celebrated once every twelve years?
Ganesh Chaturthi
Kumbh Mela
Pagoda Mela
The 12 yearly Kumbh Mela is the largest gathering of Hindus in the world
For what reason do youngsters touch the feet of their elders?
As a sign of respect
In performance of a ritual
To clean between the toes
As a form of punishment
Touching the feet of the elders and holy men is a sign of respect in Hindu culture
The Garba dance is associated with which Indian state?
West Bengal
The Garba is the religious folk dance of the Hindus in Gujarat
Adi Shankaracharya founded which school of philosophy?
Adi Shankaracharya is credited with starting the Advaita school of Vedanta. Yoga is only partially related and Samkhya is a dualistic belief
Why do people visit holy places?
To meet their future spouse
To purify themselves from the sins committed during this life-cycle
To pay their taxes
To attain Moksha
Hindus believe that visiting holy places (also known as Thirth-yatra) cleanses the body and soul from all of the sins committed knowingly or unknowingly during this lifetime
Vedavyasa is considered to be the greatest writer in Indian history. Which epic did he write?
The Ramayana
The Upanishads
The Mahabharata
The Brahma Sutras
In the first section of the Mahabharata authorship is assigned to Vedavyasa
For how many days was the Kurukshetra war, described in the Mahabharata, fought?
18 days
180 days
1,800 days
18,000 days
These 18 days made significant impact on the history of India and of Hinduism
What does the word "ayurveda", known in the west as a form of Hindu medicine, literally mean?
Curing diseases using Indian methods
Science of life
Science of medicine
Ayur= Life, Veda= Science
Who established the Sathya Shodak Samaj with the intent of liberating the 'untouchable' castes?
Raja Ram Mohan Roy
Lord William Benedict
Swami Vivekananda
Jyotirao Phule
Jyotirao Phule is credited with the foundaion of Sathya Shodak Samaj in 1873. This variation of Hinduism was based on human happiness, unity and equality for all castes


Author:  Siddarth Bhattacharjee

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