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Spelling:  Graphemes
She had a long journey ahead of her.

Spelling: Graphemes

A grapheme is a written representation of a phoneme, for example: 'f', ''ph' and 'gh' (as in 'fat', 'photo' and 'tough') represent the same sound 'f'. Don't forget: a grapheme can only represent a single sound; otherwise, it is not a grapheme. Also, some phonemes can be represented by different graphemes, for example: the 'k' sound can be written with 'c', 'k' and 'ck'; the 'ee' can be be written with 'ee', 'ea', 'ie', 'ei', 'e' and 'ee'. Wow!

It might help if you say the words out loud. Once you have got to grips with this subject, move onto our 11-plus English Spelling: Phonemes quiz to give you an all-round understanding.

First, have a go at this quiz and see how good you are at spotting graphemes. Good luck!

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1.
Decide which combination of letters is a grapheme for the given word.
School
ch
schoo
ool
scho
The 'k' sound is represented by the grapheme 'ch'
2.
Decide which combination of letters is a grapheme for the given word.
Journey
jour
our
journ
urney
The 'ur' sound is represented by the grapheme 'our'
3.
Decide which combination of letters is a grapheme for the given word.
Ocean
ce
oce
cean
ean
The 'sh' sound is represented by the grapheme 'ce'
4.
Decide which combination of letters is a grapheme for the given word.
Leaf
le
lea
leaf
ea
The 'ee' sound is represented by the grapheme 'ea'
5.
Decide which combination of letters is a grapheme for the given word.
Caterpillar
cat
c
pillar
erpill
The 'k' sound is represented by the grapheme 'c'
6.
Decide which combination of letters is a grapheme for the given word.
Rabbit
ra
it
rab
bb
The 'b' sound is represented by the grapheme 'bb'
7.
Decide which combination of letters is a grapheme for the given word.
Mosquito
mos
os
ito
qu
The 'k' sound is represented by the grapheme 'qu'
8.
Decide which combination of letters is a grapheme for the given word.
Through
ough
Thr
Throu
Through
The 'oo' sound is represented by the grapheme 'ough'
9.
Decide which combination of letters is a grapheme for the given word.
Knock
nock
kno
kn
ock
The 'n' sound is represented by the grapheme 'kn'
10.
Decide which combination of letters is a grapheme for the given word.
Drought
drough
ough
ought
drought
The 'ow' sound is represented by the grapheme 'ough'
Author:  Frank Evans

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