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Since When? - Duration Tenses
We have known each other since we were students together in Paris.

Since When? - Duration Tenses

Quiz playing is a wonderful way to increase your knowledge of English as a Second Language. Remember that all of our ESL quizzes have titles that are both friendly and technical at the same time… In the case of this quiz you might like to tell your friends about “Since When?” but no doubt your teachers will talk about the “Duration Tenses quiz”! If you hear a technical term and you want to find a quiz about the subject then just look through the list of quiz titles until you find what you need.

It can be important, and useful, to know about duration tenses. You will need be able to describe how long something has been happening (or 'since when' it started, which is another way of giving the same information).

Several other languages use duration tense verbs differently from English, so if your background is in one of those, you will need to be particularly careful. You will also need to make sure you are clear about the difference between 'since' and 'for' with expressions of time.

See how you get on with this quiz!

1.
Choose the best answer to fill the gap/s in good accurate English.
I have been learning English ... about five years, ... I first went to secondary school in my own country.
... for ... / ... for ...
... since ... / ... since ...
... since ... / ... for ...
... for ... / ... since ...
... 'for' a length of time, 'since' a particular point or moment.
Note the Past Continuous verb form in this context.
2.
Choose the best answer to fill the gap/s in good accurate English.
We ... ... for a space in the car-park ... ... almost twenty minutes.
... waited ... / ... since ...
... have waited ... / ... since ...
... have been waiting ... / ... for ...
... are waiting ... / ... since ...
... 'for' is the only right version of the second blank in this Question.
Answer 1 would refer to a more a more distant occasion (such as 'last time we came' or 'one wet afternoon just before last Christmas'); the front part of Answer 2 would be possible.
3.
Choose the best answer to fill the gap/s in good accurate English.
By the time she turned eighteen (years old) she ... ... several years.
... modelled since ...
... was modelling for ...
... had modelled since ...
... had been modelling for ...
This is 'two steps into the past' ('By back-then, she HAD been doing ... '); and we are expressing the length of her work until that time ('for'), rather than 'since when'.
We should perhaps explain that English has two special uses for the question-phrase 'Since when?':
(1.) It can be used to ask a simple question about something that has changed: 'Since when have you been putting out the rubbish and recycling on a Thursday?'
(2.) It can be used rather more 'sharply' to express doubt, surprise or even a bit of sarcasm:
'Mum, I'm going on a camping holiday next week with my boyfriend.'
'Since when?' (i.e.: When was this decided? ... but possibly also implying, 'Why wasn't I asked about this?', or even 'What new boyfriend is this, and how long have you known him?' ~ You can see what a useful question this is for making someone pause!)
4.
Choose the best answer to fill the gap/s in good accurate English.
He ... ... a 'full set' ( = beard + moustache ) ... ... motorcycling, twenty years ago.
... wears ... / ... since he begin ...
... has worn ... / ... ever since he took up ...
... has been wearing ... / ... for that he began ...
... is wearing ... / ... since he begins ...
Answer 2 is much the clearest and also the most stylish. The first part is fine in the Simple Past (although the fact at the heart of it is 'still true' ~ which would qualify it for the Present Tense in many other languages, logically enough); the slightly expanded phrase and idiom on the back of the sentence are strong, characterful and useful too.
Perhaps you, too, are (or have been) a motorcyclist ('since when?') and if you are a man, you may even have 'grown your own balaclava' like the man in the Question.
5.
Choose the best answer to fill the gap/s in good accurate English.
' ... ... the Goring Gap since I grew up there just after the War, but I haven't been back in that part of the Thames Valley ... ... many years now.'
I have known ... / ... for ...
I have been knowing ... / ... for ...
I am knowing ... / ... since ...
I know ... / ... since ...
Answer 1 is fine here; we do not need a Continuous tense (Answer 2), and the use of Present forms with 'since' (Answers 3 & 4) ~ while clearly understandable ~ isn't the English way of doing things, however natural it may seem to you if your own language is a Romance language (French, Spanish, Portuguese, Italian) or northern European (German, Dutch, the Scandinavian group).
6.
Choose the best answer to fill the gap/s in good accurate English.
We ... ... each other ... ... students together in Paris.
... have knowed ... / ... since we was ...
... have known ... / ... since we were ...
... know ... / ... since we were ...
... am knowing ... / ... since we were ...
Answer 2 is correct here; there were wrongly-formed verbs in Answer 1.
Again, English does NOT use Present-tense forms (simple nor continuous) in such a situation, which is why Answers 3 & 4 were wrong.
7.
Choose the best answer to fill the gap/s in good accurate English.
Life here seems harder ... ...
... since we last had an election.
... since we last have an election.
... for we last did an election.
... for last there was election.
Occasionally, for effect, English might instead say ' ... since last we had ... '.
('Your son seems to have grown a lot since last we saw him.')
8.
Choose the best answer to fill the gap/s in good accurate English.
By the time World War One ... ... , Queen Victoria ... ... thirteen years.
... break out ... / ... is dead since ...
... broke out ... / ... had been dead (since) ...
... was breaking out ... / ... was dead for ...
... broken out ... / ... had died since ...
Answer 2 is right: we use the simple past tense for one major historical event (about a century ago), and the 'had been ... since' form for something else that was already true, by then, from further back into the past.
Similarly, 'When he saw the accident in the street last week, he knew what to do since he HAD BEEN trained to deal with it (on some previous occasion).'
We can optionally drop the 'since' or 'for' in such a context: 'She had been dead 13 years; we had lived there five weeks'.
9.
Choose the best answer to fill the gap/s in good accurate English.
'As of last week they ... ... these coupons at our local supermarket.'
... give ...
... have given ...
... are giving ...
... have been giving ...
Answer 4 is also possible here. We might prefer the simple Present form, however, as this is clearer and emphasises that the 'offer' is still active at the store.
10.
Choose the best answer to fill the gap/s in good accurate English.
It may feel as though you ... ... these Questions ... ... !
... have done ... / ... since forever.
... do ... / ... since always.
... have been doing ... / ... for hours on end.
... are doing ... / ... for ever.
The Past Continuous form is right, here, because you 'have been' working for some while in the past, but the work continues to go on including right now.
'For hours on end' is a useful, easy and evocative phrase, meaning more or less the same as 'hour after hour'. The same structure can be used with other, longer time-units such as weeks, months or years. It would not work so well with shorter units such as minutes ('He held his breath for minutes on end' ... hmmm! ... please don't try that at home!) or seconds.
We hope that 'since doing' this Quiz, you are happier with using these structures and expressions.
Author:  Ian Miles

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