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When the roads are full of traffic we call it congestion.


Damage to the environment is a major topic studied in KS2 geography. One aspect looked at is traffic and the problems associated with it, for example air pollution and congestion.

Vehicles moving on a road are known as traffic. Vehicles include cars, lorries, tractors and motorbikes. When the roads are full of traffic we call it congestion. Traffic can cause all sorts of problems for the environment. The roads eventually wear out and need to be repaired or rebuilt, not to mention the pollution caused by fumes that are released into the atmosphere from exhausts.

Take this quiz to see how much you know about congestion, pollution and damage to the environment caused by traffic. .

When a lot of traffic has built up causing problems what do we call it?
Congestion causes traffic jams
Which of these is NOT a consequence of congestion?
More fumes pollute the air
Petrol is expensive
More difficult to cross the road
The price of petrol is due to how much or how little of it there is
How could congestion be eased?
Make more cars
Build new roads
Close roads
Build new car parks
More roads would provide alternative routes for vehicles so the roads already there would become less busy
What problems do building new roads cause for the environment?
Greenhouse gases increase
Fields and other habitats are destroyed
Fumes pollute the air
Fields have to be dug up to make way for new roads
Which of these measures does NOT help to relieve congestion?
Walk on short journeys
Car share
Use public transport
Fasten your seat belt in the car
Although you MUST wear your seat belt in the car as this may save your life in case there is a crash, this does not help relieve congestion
What type of fuel does traffic use?
Fossil fuels such as petrol and diesel
Petrol and diesel are extracted from the ground by oil wells and oil rigs
What problem is caused by burning fossil fuels?
The roads wear out
They are expensive
Greenhouse gases increase
Traffic jams
Greenhouse gasses are responsible for warming the atmosphere
What alternative fuel is being introduced for cars?
Pedal power
Electric power is cleaner than petrol and diesel, though is not as convenient to use yet
What is a traffic problem especially in towns and cities?
Lack of petrol stations
Price of petrol
Too many red cars
The lack of available land means that parking spaces can be very expensive
Which of these measures help to relieve the problems of cars in cities?
Higher road tax
More expensive petrol
Congestion charges
Electric cars
Durham was the first UK city to introduce a Congestion Charge in 2002. London followed a year later


Author:  Amanda Swift

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