In KS2 Year Six, children should be quite comfortable when dealing with fractions in Maths. By now they should be well aware of the values of different fractions and know the difference between numerators and denominators. They should also be able to convert improper fractions into mixed numbers and be good at recognising equivalent values for proper and improper fractions.

Recognising a fraction when you see one is easy. Fractions represent part of a whole number. But not all fractions are the same type. Proper fractions have top numbers, or numerators, lower than their bottom numbers, or denominators. Improper fractions are those where the numerators are bigger than the denominators. Another way to write improper fractions is as mixed numbers where units are shown next to a proper fraction. For example, ^{4}⁄_{3} is the equivalent of 1^{1}⁄_{3}.

Fractions can be tricky to understand. Give your child some help in our extensive Fractions in Maths article.

1.

What is the numerator?

The top number of a fraction

The bottom number of a fraction

The divider between the two numbers of a fraction

The whole number in a mixed fraction

The numerator tells us how many of the equal parts there are

2.

How many ^{1}⁄_{1,000} in a whole one?

10

100

1,000

10,000

3.

How do we change ^{3}⁄_{10} to an equivalent fraction?

Divide the numerator by the denominator

Divide the numerator and denominator by the same number

Multiply the numerator by the denominator

Multiply the numerator and denominator by the same number

If we multiply by 10 the equivalent fraction will be ^{30}⁄_{100}

4.

How do we reduce ^{5}⁄_{20} to an equivalent fraction?

Divide the numerator and denominator by 2

Divide the numerator and denominator by the same number

Multiply the numerator and denominator by 2

Multiply the numerator and denominator by the same number

We have to find the lowest common multiple of 5 and 20 which is 5 so the equivalent will be ^{1}⁄_{4}

5.

What do we call the bottom number of a fraction?

Numerator

Factor

Multiple

Denominator

The denominator tells us the number of parts the whole is divided into

6.

What would 2^{2}⁄_{6} be when converted to an improper fraction?

7.

Which is an equivalent of ^{6}⁄_{15}?

6 ÷ 3 = 2 and 15 ÷ 3 = 5 so ^{2}⁄_{5} is the same as ^{6}⁄_{15}

8.

What would ^{12}⁄_{9} be when converted to a mixed number?

3^{3}⁄_{9}

1^{1}⁄_{3}

1^{4}⁄_{9}

2^{1}⁄_{9}

9.

Which of these are NOT equivalent to each other?

10.

Which of these statements is FALSE?

One half is 3 times more than one sixth

One third is twice as much as one sixth

One twentieth is half of one tenth

One hundredth is ten times more than one tenth

One tenth is ten times more than one hundredth