In KS2 Maths children will spend a lot of time studying data handling. In Years Five and Six children should know about collecting and recording data and also presenting and interpreting it in a variety of graphs, charts and diagrams. In addition they will now be taught about range and the different forms of averages - mean, median and mode.

Handling data involves tables, charts and diagrams. You may have come across Carroll diagrams in your lessons which are used for grouping things in a yes/no fashion. Did you know these diagrams are named after Lewis Carroll - the author of Alice's Adventures in Wonderland? Data handling also involves ranges and averages. The range of data is the difference between the highest and lowest frequencies. There are three different types of average - mean, median and mode. Median is the middle frequency piece of data, mode is the one that appears most often and mean is worked out by adding all the frequencies together and dividing by the number of frequencies.

See how much you have learned about handling data and averages in this quiz aimed at 9-11 year olds.

1.

Which is the median in this set of data: 2, 4, 4, 8, 10, 16?

2

4

6

8

There are two frequencies in the middle, so we add them and divide by 2

2.

How is the mean calculated?

Add all the frequencies and divide by the number of frequencies

Add all the frequencies together

Add all the frequencies together and subtract the number of frequencies

Add all the frequencies together and divide by 2

Mean is the third method of finding an average of a set of numbers or data

3.

What is the median?

The difference between the greatest and least frequency

The middle frequency

The most common frequency

The highest frequency

Median is another method of finding an average of a set of numbers or data

4.

What is the mean of this data: 11, 14, 17, 18, 20?

16

40

75

80

11 + 14 + 17 + 18 + 20 = 80

80 ÷ 5 = 16

80 ÷ 5 = 16

5.

What is the name of the chart that represents the data in the fractions of a circle?

Cake chart

Circus chart

Bar chart

Pie chart

Pie charts look a bit like pies that have been cut into slices

6.

Which is the mode of this data: 2, 5, 7, 2 , 7, 2, 3?

2

3

5

7

Out of the seven numbers there are three 2s, two 7s, one 5 and one 3. 2 is the most common so therefore the mode

7.

What is the range in this set of data? Blue 230, Red 150, Yellow 348, Green 4

348 - 230

230 - 150

230 - 4

348 - 4

The highest frequency is 348 for yellow, and the lowest is 4 for green

8.

What fraction of the pie chart will represent Bus using this data: Train 25, Bus 50, Cycle 15, Walk 10?

The total of all data is 100 so Bus is 50 - therefore half

9.

What is the range in a set of data?

The difference between the greatest and least

The middle value

The least value

The greatest value

If you find that 23 people have a pet dog and that only one person has a pet tortoise the range of your data is 1-23

10.

What is the name of the most common frequency of data?

Mean

Range

Mode

Median

Mode is one method of finding an average of a set of numbers or data

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