Healthy Eating
Beans are a good source of protein.

Healthy Eating

Entertaining Learning for Ages 7 to 11 (KS2)

In this KS2 Science quiz we take a closer look at healthy eating, nutrition and a balanced diet - all vital if we want to maintain a healthy body.

Healthy eating is about the balanced diet your body needs to keep it in good condition. We all know that eating things like crisps, chocolate, sweets and soft drinks alone would be bad nutrition and would not make up a healthy diet. They're ok in small amounts but we need other things - fruit and vegetables, proteins, vitamins and minerals for example - in a balanced diet. It's important that we eat a variety of foods to get all of the nutrients we need to stay healthy.

But what, exactly, is needed to be healthy? Why are vitamins important and in which foods can we find them? See how much you know by trying this quiz on healthy eating and nutrition.

Which of these meals would not provide a healthy balance?
Pasta baked with cheese and a tomato sauce, served with salad, followed by sliced oranges
Grilled chicken, salad and new potatoes, followed by yoghurt and fruit
Vegetable stir-fry, followed by fruit salad and jelly
Baked salmon, vegetables and rice, followed by banana and ice cream
Although vegetable stir-fry and fruit salad are very healthy foods, this meal would be more balanced if some protein, such as cashew nuts, were added. A carbohydrate-rich food, such as noodles, would help too
A lack of which vitamin causes scurvy?
Vitamin A
Vitamin C
Vitamin D
Vitamin E
In 1747, a doctor in the Royal Navy called James Lind discovered that eating foods with vitamin C could prevent sailors from suffering scurvy
Which of the following foods is a good source of carbohydrates?
Good sources of carbohydrates include potatoes, bread, pasta, rice and cereal
What does the body use carbohydrates for?
Carbohydrates enable the transport of essential nutrients around the body
Carbohydrates improve digestion
Carbohydrates are used by the body for growth
Carbohydrates provide the body with a source of energy
Carbohydrates are a good source of energy - only those made from whole grains will also be a good source of fibre, therefore aiding the digestive system
Which of the following statements is true?
A balanced diet should not include anything sweet
Pasta and vegetables are enough to provide a balanced diet
A balanced diet must include carbohydrates, fats, proteins, minerals, vitamins, water and fibre
A balanced diet should not include any fats
Carbohydrates, proteins, minerals, vitamins, water, fibre and even fats are essential for a healthy body - sweet foods, in small amounts, can be included as part of a healthy diet, too
Why is fibre a necessary part of a balanced diet?
Fibre aids the digestive system
Fibre aids cell growth and repair
Fibre is used for energy
Fibre is essential to build bones and teeth
Some good sources of fibre are wholemeal bread, brown rice, fruit and veg, beans and cereal
Fruit and vegetables are a good source of what?
All of the above
Fruit and vegetables are very important parts of a healthy diet
Which of the following foods is a good source of protein?
Good sources of protein include fish, meat, cheese, eggs and beans
Which vitamin is good for bone health, but is not an essential part of the diet because it can be made by the human body from sunlight?
Vitamin A
Vitamin D
Vitamin E
Vitamin K
A lack of vitamin D can lead to diseases like rickets
Why is it not a good idea to fill your plate with foods that are all the same colour?
Having foods of a variety of colours shows that the meal contains a variety of nutrients
Foods that are all the same colour are unhealthy
A variety of colours shows that your meal is low-fat
Your plate will look better with lots of different foods
A variety of foods, and therefore a variety of nutrients, is essential for a balanced diet
You can find more about this topic by visiting BBC Bitesize - The effects of diet, exercise and drugs on the body

Author:  Sheri Smith

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