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Crime and Punishment 01
Spraying graffiti onto a wall might get you an anti-social behaviour order (ASBO).

Crime and Punishment 01

This KS3 Citizenship quiz takes a look at crime and punishment. Until the 19th century, children from the age of seven could be convicted of criminal offences in Britain and were often given the same punishments as adults. Imagine that!

The age of criminal responsibility has been raised to 10. That means children younger than that cannot be arrested or charged with a crime. If they commit a criminal offence, they can be banned from being in a public place between 9pm and 6am, unless they are with an adult. If they don't follow that order, they can be placed under supervision or even taken into care.

Children between the ages of 10 and 17 are dealt with by youth courts. They are given different sentences to adults. Instead of prison, they are sent to secure centres for young people rather than being placed in an adult prison. At the age of 18, you are treated as an adult by the law. If an 18-year old is sentenced to prison, they will be sent to a secure place for 18 - 25 year-olds instead of going to a full adult prison.

1.
A person who is serving on a jury is called .......
A convict
A juror
An assistant judge
An expert witness
Almost anyone of voting age can be asked to be a juror
2.
Appeals against decisions made in court get heard in which court?
Appeal court
Crown court
High court
House of Lords
Sometimes wrong decisions can be made. The appeals system means that evidence can be presented to a different court to see if they view it differently to the original court
3.
At what age is it legal to drink alcohol at home?
5
8
11
14
Some pressure groups think that it should be made illegal for children under the age of 15 to drink alcohol anywhere. They want this to be made the law because alcohol is a poison. It is also an addictive drug that can damage the brain and other organs
4.
What does a magistrates' court NOT have?
Fines
Judge
Jury
Sentences
Cases are dealt with by a 'bench' of two or three magistrates or a trained lawyer called the District Judge
5.
What is the highest court in the country?
Appeal Court
Crown Court
High Court
Supreme Court
This court has the final word on any appeals in England, Wales and Northern Ireland. In Scotland, it has the final word on civil cases but there is a separate court for criminal cases
6.
What is the difference between robbery and burglary?
Burglary involves trespassing on another person's property
Burglary means carrying a swag bag and wearing a mask
Robbery is during the day, burglary is at night
Robbery only happens in jewellery shops and banks
'Daylight robbery' doesn't mean during the day!
7.
Which of these is considered a crime?
Watching television without a licence
Claiming benefits without entitlement
Leaving your dog's foul on a pavement
All of the above
None of these would lead to a prison sentence
8.
Which of these might get you an anti-social behaviour order (ASBO)?
Charity work
Doing homework
Going to church
Graffiti
There are many other examples of anti-social behaviour that can land someone with an ASBO
9.
If a person is guilty of robbery, what is the maximum sentence?
2 years
5 years
10 years
Life
The judge can give a lesser sentence, depending on the circumstances. Some people think that community sentences instead of prison would be better
10.
Where are the majority of court cases heard?
County court
Crown court
High court
Magistrates' court
Over 95% of cases!
Author:  Frank Evans

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