UKUK USUSIndiaIndia
Fun Learning and Revision for KS1, KS2, 11-Plus, KS3 and GCSE
Join Us
Spelling (Plurals for words ending in o) 01
These are tomatoes. They are not tomatos.

Spelling (Plurals for words ending in o) 01

For some words which end in -o add -es to form their plurals. For example, the word "hero" becomes "heroes" when plural.

Forming plurals is fairly easy in English. You could think of the basic rule as being to add -s to make a noun plural, being sure to remember that there are also many exceptions. It might, however, be more accurate to say that the basic rule is that, to make a plural in English, we add -s or -es. The only exceptions to this rule would be those words which do not change in their plural forms (i.e. "deer") and a few words from other languages whose plural has not been Anglicised, which means so thoroughly adopted into English that it obeys English rules. For instance, teachers talk about a "curriculum" or many "curricula" because the word still obeys its Latin rules.

So, if we think of plurals in English as being usually formed by the addition of an -s or -es, how do we know which one to use when? There is a surprisingly simple way to tell which words need an -es added. These are words ending in f, ch, sh, x, s, ss and z as well as vowels such as o and y. If you say words such as "churches" or "dishes" aloud, you will see that they need the extra syllable provided by the -es. In the case of the the letter o, you can imagine that -os would not be pronounced the same way as -oes. The additional e keeps the vowel long. This quiz focusses on words ending in -o. So, get ready to add an -es to the plurals!

Here is an English spelling quiz so you can get to grips with the subject. Be warned...not all plurals for words ending in 'o' require an 'e'.

Did you know...

You can play all the teacher-written quizzes on our site for just £9.95 per month. Click the button to sign up or read more.

Sign up here
1.
Select the correct spelling for the missing word.
He shouted, "help!", and his word returned in many .......
echo
echoes
echos
echows
Echo ends in -o and adds -es when plural
2.
Select the correct spelling for the missing word.
There are two active ....... on the island.
volcano
volcanoe
volcanoes
volcanos
Adding -es to create a plural shows that there are exceptions to the basic rule that plurals are formed by simply adding an -s
3.
Select the correct spelling for the missing word.
I'll take ten ripe ....... please.
tomato
tomatoe
tomatoes
tomatos
There are some exceptions to the rule of adding -es to make a noun ending in -o plural. For instance, the musical terms "piano", "duo" and "solo" are exceptions
4.
Select the correct spelling for the missing word.
Large sacks of ....... are on offer today.
potato
potatoe
potatoes
potatos
Can you see the word "toes" at the end of "potatoes"? It would be amusing if the word "toes" were plural for "to"!
5.
Select the correct spelling for the missing word.
The submarine launched two .......
torpedo
torpedoe
torpedoes
torpedos
Most words ending in -o require an -es to create a plural
6.
Select the correct spelling for the missing word.
The winning athletes returned as triumphant .......
hero
heroe
heroes
heros
Remember the e!
7.
Select the correct spelling for the missing word.
The fleet of ships were laden with their .......
cargo
cargoe
cargoes
cargoose
A "cargoose" is a diving bird. "Cargos" is also acceptable
8.
Select the correct spelling for the missing word.
The ....... toppled over one after the other in a long line.
domino
dominoe
dominoes
dominus
Here are some exceptions to the rule that words ending in -o require an -es in the plural form: logos, gazebos, infernos, eskimos
9.
Select the correct spelling for the missing word.
The orchestra needed three ....... for the trio.
piano
pianoe
pianoes
pianos
Tricky! Piano is an exception and adds only -s
10.
Select the correct spelling for the missing word.
The actors sang several ....... in the school play.
solo
sloes
soloes
solos
Another exception, solo adds -s in plural. Musical terms (many of which are Italian in origin) do not generally follow the -es rule

 

Author:  Sue Daish

© Copyright 2016-2018 - Education Quizzes
TJS - Web Design Lincolnshire

Valid HTML5

We use cookies to make your experience of our website better.

To comply with the new e-Privacy directive, we need to ask for your consent - I agree - No thanks - Find out more