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Fundamental Elements of Music 01
What do you know about music? Find out in this quiz.

Fundamental Elements of Music 01

If you are studying music in KS3 then one of the topics you'll learn about is the fundamental elements that make up music. There are seven of these: Pitch, Duration, Dynamics, Tempo, Timbre, Texture and Structure.

Pitch is the degree of highness or lowness of a tone.
Duration is the length of time a note lasts for.
Dynamics express how loud or quiet the music should be played.
Tempo refers to the speed at which a piece of music should be played.
Timbre is the characteristic quality of a sound (not counting pitch and loudness) which make it unique.
Texture is how the melody, rhythm and harmony are combined to create the overall quality of a piece of music.
Structure is the form and arrangement of a piece of music

Have a go at the following quiz to see how much you've been taking notice in your music lessons!

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1.
In terms of duration, which is longest of these notes?
Dotted quaver
Minim
Semi-breve
Semi-quaver
A semi-breve lasts as long as two minims, four crotchets or eight quavers
2.
Which element of music best describes how 'high' or 'low' notes sound?
Pitch
Rhythm
Texture
Timbre
A piccolo is high pitched - a tuba is low pitched
3.
Binary form is made up of how many sections?
One (A) - a single section often repeated
Two (AB)
Three (ABA)
Five (ABACD)
However, both sections are sometimes repeated
4.
A minim is made up of how many quaver beats?
Three
Four
Six
Eight
Remember - minim = two crotchets, crotchet = two quavers
5.
What best describes the effect of a 'ritardando'?
A gradual increase of volume
A sudden pause
Changing of key signature
Gradually getting slower
This is often generalised as 'rit.' on sheet music
6.
What is the purpose of dynamics in a piece of music?
To express how loud or quiet the music should be played
To illustrate a key signature
To represent a change of speed
To show a change of time signature
They can illustrate both sudden and gradual changes
7.
What does the marking 'mezzo forte' (mf) mean?
Moderately loud
Moderately quiet
Very loud
Very quiet
Mezzo means 'half' in Italian and forte means 'strong'
8.
What does 'andante' mean?
At a moderate/'walking' pace
Gradually getting faster
Very fast
Very slow
Andante is derived from the Latin word, ambulare, which means 'to walk'
9.
What is a 'homophonic' texture?
A single and unaccompanied voice
Multiple voices varying a main melody simultaneously
The overlapping of several melodic voices in a piece
Where one voice stands out on top of a backing harmony
Note: homophonic and homophony are not the same!
10.
Which of these instruments has a 'bright' timbre?
Bassoon
Cello
Double bass
Piccolo
The others are low sounding and have 'darker' timbres
Author:  Thomas Daish

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