Musical Cycles 02
A sitar is a stringed instrument from India.

Musical Cycles 02

In KS3 music you will look at musical cycles - in fact, you've probably already played one of our quizzes all about them. By now you should know - cycle means 'going around' or 'repeating' so musical cycles are all about repetition.

Rhythm and harmony are two examples of musical cycles but there are others - melodies for example. Can you think of any more? Perhaps you'll be able to after playing this quiz.

Musical cycles are an important part of music and so we've written two quizzes on the subject for you to try. In this second quiz there is particular focus on instrumentation, techniques and types of music used by African, Indian and Indonesian cultures. Read each question carefully and take your time. Think hard before you pick your answers, and don't forget the helpful comments after each question - these can help to explain anything you are unsure of. Good luck - and have fun!

What 'S' is a stringed instrument from India?
Steel guitar
Sitars became popular amongst Western musicians in the 1960s
A Tabla is a set of .......
table-like keyboard instruments from France
tuning forks
two Indian drums, usually played together
written rhythms which are set to the composition
Playing tabla involves using your the fingers and palms to create different sounds
What is a Gamelan?
A nursery rhyme
A type of heavy rock music
An abbreviation for video game backing tracks
An Indonesian ensemble mainly of percussive instruments
Sometimes also featuring a bamboo flute and singer
The melody of a Gamelan piece is called .......
Balungan means 'skeleton' in Java. It forms the frame (or skeleton) of a gamelan composition
What is a drone?
A bleeping sound emitted from aerial spy devices
A harsh and unexpected change of dynamics
A type of song usually performed when in mourning
Continuous sounding of a note/chord throughout a piece
Most often you'll hear a bee droning. As it hums it makes the same note continuously
The Agbadza is a social dance which originated in .......
Sometimes called Kpanlogo
What time signature is used for the Agbadza?
2/4 two crotchets in a bar
3/4 three crotchets in a bar
6/8 six quavers in a bar
12/8 twelve quavers in a bar
In time signatures the bottom number tells you which type of note (in this case, an eighth note or a quaver) to use and the top number tells you how many of these make up one bar
Which is a set of two Indian drums?
Remember, the sitar also originated from India
What is a balungan?
A blue whistle
A melorythmic pattern
A type of wind instrument which is powered by a balloon
The melody of a gamelan piece
Remember, gamelan = ensemble, balungan = melody
What is Kpanlogo usually referred to as?
A mode used in Indian classical music
A rag
Agbadza - Ghanian dance
The tala
Kpanlogo began in the early 1960s
You can find more about this topic by visiting BBC Bitesize - Music

Author:  Thomas Daish

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