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Comprehension - I Can Read Spanish!  (Quiz 3)
Can you read and then translate these Spanish sentences?

Comprehension - I Can Read Spanish! (Quiz 3)

This third Spanish Easy Review comprehension quiz is going to continue to help you review your ability to read Spanish. Each one gets a little more difficult but, at the same time, each one has also been designed to show you that you have come a long way in learning a new language.

Learning to read a new language is actually easier than learning to speak a new language. However, being able to read helps to train your mind in sentence structure which will then help you to learn how to speak the language properly. You will have to think about each word and what each word means. Pay attention to gender and singular and plural forms as well.

The quiz contains ten sentences in Spanish with four possible English translations of each sentence. See how well you can do in finding the correct English translation.

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1.
Esteban barre el piso.
Stephen buys the pie.
Stephen sweeps the floor.
Stephen borrows the pistol.
Stephen bares his soul.
Each answer has correctly translated Esteban as meaning Stephen. The verb is barre and it is Spanish for sweeps which means that neither the first, third or last answer is correct. This leaves the second answer which does show the correct translation.
2.
Son alemanes.
Hot sun.
The sun is hot.
Germans are here.
They are Germans.
This sentence contains a verb, son. The first answer does not contain a verb so it can be eliminated. The verb son is Spanish for are. It is derived from the verb ser and it is the plural form of the verb which means they are. The word alemanes is Spanish for Germans. Notice that it is a plural word. The translation then reads: They are Germans.
3.
Kathy come pan de blanco.
Kathy makes white bread.
Kathy comes with white bread.
Kathy eats white bread.
Kathy can fold the blanket.
There is no Spanish word for Kathy so the name remains the same in both English and in Spanish. There are many names that remain the same in both languages. The word blanco means white. The last answer does not show this word so it can be eliminated. Pan de blanco means white bread and has been correctly translated in the first, second and third answers. The verb is come and it is Spanish for eats. This then means that the translation is: Kathy eats white bread.
4.
Su esposo es un abogado.
Her husband is a lawyer.
His wife is a lawyer.
My spouse is a lawyer.
Her spouse is a beggar.
The Spanish possessive pronoun su means her. This then means that the second and third answers can be eliminated. The word abogado is Spanish for lawyer which now means that the last answer can be eliminated leaving the first answer which is correctly translated as: Her husband is a lawyer.
5.
Vincent está feliz estar casa.
Vincent is funny as a house.
Vincent is happy to be home.
Vincent will be happy to be home.
Vincent was happy to be at home.
At this point you have only been using the present tense of a verb (and the base verb). The third answer shows the future tense and the last answer shows the past tense so neither of these answers is correct. The word feliz is Spanish for happy and not funny. This then means that the second answer is the one that shows the correct translation.
6.
Él está agradecido por su madre.
He is agreeable with his mother.
He is angry with his mother.
He is grateful for his mother.
He is agreeing with his mother
Each answer has correctly translated él está as being he is. In addition, each answer has also correctly translated su madre as his mother. However, the word por is Spanish for the word for and the word agradecido is Spanish for the word grateful. This means that the correct translation is: He is grateful for his mother.
7.
Prometo estar aquí mañana.
I promise to be here tomorrow.
I promise to come in the morning.
Tomorrow is an aqua morning.
I promise to be there tomorrow.
The verb prometo is Spanish for I promise. This means that the third answer can be eliminated. The verb estar is Spanish for to be which now means that the second answer can also be eliminated. The word aquí is Spanish for here which now tells you that the first answer shows the correct translation, i.e., I promise to be here tomorrow. Mañana can be translated as both tomorrow and morning so the key word in this sentence was aquí.
8.
Ella pone el plato en la mesa.
She poses the plate on the table.
She pick the plot of the story.
She ponders the point of the message.
She places the plate on the table.
The word ella is the Spanish pronoun for she which each answer has translated correctly. The words el plato are Spanish for the plate. This means that the second and third answers can now be eliminated. En la mesa is Spanish for on the table. The first and last answers have both translated this correctly. The verb pone is Spanish for places which now means that the correct translation is: She places the plate on the table.
9.
Su hombro duele.
His man duels.
He is a dueling man.
His shoulder aches.
He has two shoulders.
The Spanish possessive pronoun su means his. This means that the second and last answers can be eliminated. The Spanish word for man is hombre not hombro. Hombro is Spanish for shoulder. This means that the first answer can be eliminated and that the third answer shows the correct translation of: His shoulder aches.
10.
Hablan español en casa.
Spanish is spoken in the house.
They speak Spanish at home.
Spanish speaks at home.
We speak Spanish at home.
The verb hablan is Spanish for they speak. This quickly eliminates the first, third and last answers and leaves only the second answer which translates as: They speak Spanish at home. Notice that in this situation, en is used to mean 'at' and not 'in'. You will find this usage many times as you continue to learn Spanish and words in context in Spanish.
Author:  Christine G. Broome

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